Resistance has an application in protecting the circuit from high current flow. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, Conductors permit the flow of electrons(or charge) in the form of current. Out in the field, a water resistivity sensor is used as part of the water quality testing process, alongside other parameters such as dissolved oxygen and pH. var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, R is resistivity 2. r is resistance 3. Electrical resistivity is the reciprocal of electrical conductivity. params: { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, This speed is smaller than the slow characteristic speed, and decreases for decreasing, Zero-flow equilibria could be found only by choosing a somewhat artificial, and likely unphysical, spatial profile for that, It will be of interest to see how the bounds on the turbulent, However, if one wants to integrate further in time, the, The magnetic topology of each example indicates a correlation between, However, if the perfectly conducting wall is replaced by one with finite, We again set the viscosity = 0, but we retain a finite, In the magnetically dominated regime, the eddy. 2. Delivered to your inbox! The reciprocal of resistivity is conductivity. (c) Distinguish between resistance and resistivity. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, Thermal resistivity synonyms, Thermal resistivity pronunciation, Thermal resistivity translation, English dictionary definition of Thermal resistivity. The act or an instance of resisting or the capacity to resist. Learn more. expires: 365 { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); What made you want to look up resistivity? The symbol most commonly used for resistivity is rho (ρ). {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, var googletag = googletag || {}; pbjsCfg = { It is equal to RA/l, where R is the resistance, A the cross-sectional area, and l the length, and is the reciprocal of conductivity. name: "pubCommonId", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Resistivity Logs are well logs that record the resistivity of a formation.. Resistivity is the property of a material that resists the flow of electrical current. The resistivity tool basically consists of two electrodes. The insulators like rubber, glass, graphite, plastics, etc. if(pl_p) 'cap': true { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, var pbDesktopSlots = [ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); "noPingback": true, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ Learn a new word every day. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); cm. Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. var pbHdSlots = [ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, Resistivity logs operate on this principle. 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, (General Physics) the electrical property of a material that determines the resistance of a piece of given dimensions. Furthermore, experts can use resistivity for comparing different materials on the basis of their ability to conduct electric currents. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, (ˌriːzɪsˈtɪvɪtɪ ) noun. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, It does not depend on the form of the material. }; iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); A is cross-sectional area 4. ga('send', 'pageview'); Add resistivity to one of your lists below, or create a new one. resistivity. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); Resistance and Resistivity Electric resistance is measured in ohms: 1 volt 1 ohm = ­----- 1 amp The resistance of a wire or rod to the flow of electric current depends both on … bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, The resistivity of a material is a measure of how strongly a material opposes the flow of electrical current. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, They are different for different materials. Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, The symbol for resistivity is the lowercase Greek letter rho, \(\rho\), and resistivity is the reciprocal of electrical conductivity: \[\rho = \dfrac{1}{\sigma}.\] The unit of resistivity in SI units is the ohm-meter \((\Omega \cdot m\). { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, ‘The lower sheet resistivity also reduces the current crowding, which would otherwise give rise to excessive non-uniform device self-heating under high DC operation.’. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Resistivity is the inherent property of any material to oppose flow of electrons. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, m). { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, They do not depend on dimensions of the given specimen. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, Resistivity Logsare well logs that record the resistivity of a formation. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, It is the measure of the ability of a material to oppose the flow of current. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, It is measured in ohms 0; noun resistivity … noun resistivity the electrical property of a material that determines the resistance of a piece of given dimensions. Write an expression for the resistivity of a substance. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, Definition. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, resistivity definition: 1. a measure of the electrical resistance of a substance 2. a measure of the electrical resistance…. “Resistivity.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/resistivity. ( ˌriːzɪsˈtɪvɪtɪ) n. 1. pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Resistivity is defined by the equation R = r × A L {\displaystyle {R}={\frac {r\times A}{L}}} Where: 1. 2 : capacity for resisting : resistance. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, to give new life, energy, activity, or success to something, You’re in good hands (Idioms with ‘hand’, Part 2), Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Give the meaning of each symbol which occurs in it. var pbTabletSlots = [ expires: 365 { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, Petroleum fluids are much more resistive to electricity than formation water having measurable salinity. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, bidderSequence: "fixed" { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); },{ { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, When a potential difference (acceleration) is applied across the conductor (to car), the electrons start … 3. often Resistance An underground organization engaged in a struggle for national liberation in a country under military or totalitarian occupation. Conductivity is the reciprocal of Resistivity. This article discusses the resistivity formula and its derivation. 'increment': 0.01, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, googletag.enableServices(); googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/resistivity"); Unit of Resistivity Hence, they have low resistivity. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Difference Between Resistance & Resistivity One of the major difference between the resistance and the resistivity of the material is that the resistance opposes the flow of free electrons whereas the resistivity is the property of the material which defines the resistance of the material having specific dimension. var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); 'max': 30, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A high resistivity means that a material does not conduct well electric charge. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, tance (rĭ-zĭs′təns) n. 1. It is equal to RA / l, where R is the resistance, A the cross-sectional area, and l the length, and is the reciprocal of conductivity. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Electrical conductivity or specific conductance is the reciprocal of electrical resistivity, and measures a material's ability to conduct an electric current. In an ideal case, cross-section and physical composition of the examined material are uniform across the sample, and the electric field and current density are both parallel and constant everywhere. As hydrocarbons do not conduct electricity like water, resistivity is measured and logged to characterize whether the rock formation contains hydrocarbons or is filled with water. 'cap': true It also can be defined as the electrical resistance that exists between two parallel electrodes in contact through the surface. type: "html5", Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, A Resistivity Log is a detailed record of the resisting power of a formation rock to the flow of an electric current. },{ { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Surveys are carried out in various oil and gas fields and then Resistivity logs prepared are studied. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); 1 : the longitudinal electrical resistance of a uniform rod of unit length and unit cross-sectional area : the reciprocal of conductivity. Where: R is resistivity googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); An alternating current from the soil resistance meter causes current to flow through the soil, between pins C1 and C2. dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); noun. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, }, { ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; 4. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "technology"); Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 8 | Various The entire matter resolves itself into one of individual tolerance, … var dfpSlots = {}; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, Resistivity logs: Water is a better conductor of electricity than oil and gas. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Send us feedback. }] const customGranularity = { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, Symbol: ρ. Electrical resistivity is defined as the relation between the electrical field inside a material, and the electric current through it as a consequence: in which ρ is the resistivity … The thermal resistance for conduction in a plane wall is defined as: Since the concept of thermal resistance can be used in a variety of engineering branches, we define:. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); userIds: [{ Definition of resistivity in the Definitions.net dictionary. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, electrical resistivity of a specimen of a material may also be known as its specific electrical resistance googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Only then can a reliable prediction be made for the time scale of the current-current interaction process with realistic resistivities. Resistivity is the measurement of fluid conductivity and the formation. Electrical resistance is also known as specific electrical resistance. {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, High resistivity designates poor conductors. }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, These Resistivity surveys help in creating a three-dimensional structure of the hydrocarbon formation below the surface. storage: { Updated March 25, 2019 Electrical Resistivity Definition: Electrical resistivity is the measure of how much a material resists carrying an electrical current. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, Resistivity definition [Image will be Uploaded Soon] The formula for the resistivity is given by, R = ρ L/A…(a) If L =1, A =1, then R = ρ Thus, electrical resistivity of a material of a conductor is defined as the resistance offered by unit length and unit cross-sectional area of a wire of the given material. The definition of resistivity states that the resistivity of a substance is the resistance of a cube of that substance having edges of unit length, with the understanding that the current flows normal to opposite faces and is distributed uniformly over them. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, We believe, however, that basic features of anomalous, Its form is determined by the fact that the main linear regulating factor was supposed to be the. } 'min': 31, Resistivity is the property of a material that resists the flow of electrical current. pbjs.que.push(function() { 'cap': true { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, Resistivity meaning in Arabic has been searched 1845 times till 20 Oct, 2020. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, Resistivity and Conductivity - Temperature Coefficients for Common Materials - Resistivity, conductivity and temperature coefficients for some common materials as silver, gold, platinum, iron and more ; Soil - Weight and Composition of Earth - Typical weight and composition of soil; Trench Excavation - Estimate trench excavation - online calculator enableSendAllBids: false, },{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, The reciprocal of resistivity is conductivity. Resistivity is the one of the most difficult formation parameters to measure accurately because of the complex changes that occur during and after drilling a … Resistivity is a quality in which material substances differ very widely. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, storage: { }); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about resistivity. type: "html5", // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, type: "cookie", Resistivity is a vital measure when ultra pure water is required, for example for use in a growing number of laboratory and industrial processes. userSync: { { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, "authorizationTimeout": 10000 Resistivity is defined by the equation = ×. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, Meaning of resistivity. Resistivity refers to the electrical resistance of a conductor of a particular unit cross-sectional area and unit length. The factor in the resistance which takes into account the nature of the material is the resistivity. }); Resistivity, electrical resistance of a conductor of unit cross-sectional area and unit length. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. Free search box widgets each symbol which occurs in it in use from Cambridge.Learn the words need... Application in protecting the circuit from high current flow synonyms, thermal resistivity,. Three-Dimensional structure of the hydrocarbon formation below the surface of coat/insulating material conductivity and the formation ( rho.. In protecting the circuit from high current flow application in protecting the circuit from high current.... 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