Taxation Without Representation. The Latin American War of Independence comprised numerous wars and conflicts that took place between the year 1808 and 1829. Usually members of the Creoles, American born Spaniards, who owned most of the land. influence of the French Revolution on the 19c revolutions in Latin America. Latin American Independence was the drive for independence from Spain and France by the Latin American people. Even if Spain had agreed to these changes, they would have created a more powerful, wealthy colonial elite with experience in administering their home regions—a road that also would have led directly to independence. The Latin American Wars of Independence were the various revolutions that took place during the late 18th and early 19th centuries and resulted in the creation of a … This was not the case in Latin America. Latin American Revolutions The Latin American region witnessed various revolutions in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The origins of the Latin American independence movements of the early 1800s might be … Inspired by the ideas of the Enlightenment and the wars for independence in other parts of the globe, Latin American gained momentum to began their own revolution. In the early 19th century, almost all of South America was under colonial rule. Their methods of governance were very similar though. Latin American Revolutions DRAFT. Most of the events that led to the Latin American Revolution were begun because of the Spainish colonization and conquering of the Latin American people. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. By the time Spain was beginning to stabilize—Ferdinand reclaimed the throne in 1813—colonies in Mexico, Argentina, and northern South America were in revolt. The result of these revolutions was the formation of independent countries in Latin America. The first serious revolt in the war for Latin America independence began in Mexico, by Miguel De Hidalgo, a parish priest, who rallied the peasants, the indigenous people and the metizos (people of mixed European and Native American descent) against Spanish colonial rule on September 16, 1810. Argentina was the first to formally declare independence on July 9, 1816. There were many contributing factors that ultimately led to the uprising of Latin American colonies. Spain granted neither, which caused great resentment and helped lead to independence. The result of these revolutions was the formation of independent countries in Latin America. The Spread of Revolution The Latin American Wars of Independence, which took place during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, were deeply influenced by the American and French Revolutions and resulted in the creation of a number of independent countries in Latin America. The vast Spanish New World Empire produced many goods, including coffee, cacao, textiles, wine, minerals, and more. As an ally of Napoleon's First French Empire, Spain willingly joined with Napoleonic France and began fighting the British. The answer is long and complicated, but here are some of the essential causes of the Latin American Revolution. Napoleon Bonaparte tried to invade North America and take some colonies for France. A majority of land was held by the Portuguese followed by the Spanish, and then the French. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Even after colonization, the ethnic population was still thriving. The revolutionary hero Simon Bolivar is a good example, as he was born in Caracas to a well-to-do Creole family that had lived in Venezuela for four generations, but as a rule, did not intermarry with the locals. Most of the southern colonies, such as Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay fought their wars of independence against the Spanish forces. Fierce d… We will see the causes of the revolution and the events that caused it. Causes of the American Revolution The Stamp Act : The Stamp Act, which was passed in 1765, was Parliament’s first serious attempt to assert governmental authority over the thirteen American colonies. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Though they were politically independent from countries such as Spain and Portugal, many countries remained economically dependent on Europe, in particular on the United Kingdom. Independence movements in the northern regions of Spanish South America had an inauspicious beginning in 1806. A series of conflicts and battles led to the independence of the Peruvian and Bolivian colonies. His remarkable military tactics were instrumental in defeating the Spanish forces. The highly racist colonial society was extremely sensitive to minute percentages of Black or Indigenous blood. America was a mixing of many different races … In order to sum up a common goal for Latin American nations, a solution was required. After all, these events helped shape the future of more than just one country. Enlightenment Era concepts, nationalism, and revolutionary ideals sparked decolonization and rebellion.The diversity of colonial populations and tensions among social classes often complicated … By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Venezuela’s Declaration of Independence in 1810, 10 Myths About Spanish and the People Who Speak It, The Second Voyage of Christopher Columbus, Biography of Bartolomé de Las Casas, Spanish Colonist, The 10 Most Important Events in the History of Latin America, What Is Latin America? By that time, Spain was between a rock and a hard place: The creoles clamored for positions of influence in the colonial bureaucracy and for freer trade. This led the colonists to believe that Spain was not as powerful as believed, and hence they capitalized on the circumstances. The loss of life and destruction caused during these series of wars was beyond belief. The three major powerhouses, namely the English, the Spanish, the French, and the Portuguese were very expansionist in their mentality. The American Revolution was a time when the British colonists in America rebelled against the rule of Great Britain. Under the leadership of Simon Bolivar, on June 24 1821, Venezuelan forces defeated the Spanish and gained independence. Some were a positive influence: The American Revolution (1765–1783) was seen by many in South America as a good example of elite leaders of colonies throwing off European rule and replacing it with a more fair and democratic society—later, some constitutions of new republics borrowed heavily from the U.S. Constitution. This is all I can muster for this one.) Latin America's civil wars and revolutions did not begin … This website uses cookies to improve your experience. But in the end, there was no real going back from such a step. Meanwhile, Spanish officials and newcomers consistently treated Creoles with disdain, maintaining and further widening the social gap between them. Many Creoles said they were loyal to Spain, not Napoleon. The term American Revolution also includes the American War of Independence, and resulted in the formation of the United States of America. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. the Civil War in Spain. Which statement about the French and Latin American revolutions is accurate? Revolution spread to most of Latin America, and from 1810 to 1825, Mexico, Central America, and South America gained independence from Spain and Portugal. By 1810, Spanish America could look to other nations to see revolutions and their results. Charles IV was weak and indecisive and mostly occupied himself with hunting, allowing his ministers to run the Empire. In these wars, the leadership of José de San Martin, who was known as The Liberator in Argentina, played a crucial role in the independence of these colonies. Haitian Revolution and Latin American Revolutions Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. But the colonies were only allowed to trade with Spain, and at rates advantageous for Spanish merchants. Initial attempts at … Of all of the factors listed above, the most important is probably Napoleon's invasion of Spain. By the late 18th century, Spain was forced to loosen some trade restrictions, but the move was too little, too late, as those who produced these goods now demanded a fair price for them. Revolutionaries emerged to oppose Spanish rule in South America, which was skewed to only favor the colonialists by exploiting the natives. This made them unhappy, although this unrest did not spill over until the moment was right. The Haitian Revolution, a bloody but successful uprising of enslaved people against their French colonial enslavers (1791–1804), terrified landowners in the Caribbean and northern South America, and as the situation worsened in Spain, many feared that Spain could not protect them from a similar uprising. Political effect of the latin american revolution-Ruled by caudillos,-upper classes supported the dictatorship,-lower classes didn't have any experience with democracy. This resulted in a series of revolutions that took place all over Spanish America. In 1788, Charles III of Spain, a competent ruler, died, and his son Charles IV took over. The remarkable leadership of José Gervasio Artigas and Fulgencio Yegros was a huge contributing factor to Uruguay’s and Paraguay’s independence. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. Like the beginning of the American Revolution, the soldiers were untrained and poorly armed. One of the first persons to propose a Spanish American cooperation which consisted of a common military, common defense pact and parliamentary assembly was Simon Bolivar at the 1826 Congress of Panama. The relentless war for freedom of Latin American colonies became vivid in 1809. John Green talks about the many revolutions of Latin America in the 19th century. The war against the Spanish forces saw many regions gain independence. This made him conquer Spain and the Portuguese. War in Europe: As we mentioned, the English Navy was the most powerful at that time. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! In Central America, oligarchic systems of governance prevailed … Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. 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