[31][32] Further differentiation from other species of Juglandaceae occurred about 44 million years ago during the Eocene. Pecan definition is - a large hickory (Carya illinoinensis synonym C. illinoensis) that has roughish bark and hard but brittle wood and is widely grown in the warmer parts of the U.S. and in Mexico for its edible nut. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529711' }}, * free }, Gratuit. There is little agreement in the United States, even regionally, as to the "correct" pronunciation. }; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776446', position:'btf' }}, pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { var dictCodesArr = new Array(); As the author of Pecans, I’ve crisscrossed the state to talk about the nut. 'increment': 0.05, Forums pour discuter de pecan, voir ses formes composées, des exemples et poser vos questions. Pecans are a major ingredient in American praline candy. url : 'schulwoerterbuch_English-German', googletag.pubads().setTargeting("old_pr", "free"); [14], Choosing cultivars can be a complex practice, based on the Alternate Bearing Index (ABI) and their period of pollinating. [36][37] Alabama named the pecan the official state nut in 1982. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971143', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [40] In 1988, Oklahoma enacted an official state meal which included pecan pie.[41]. expires: 365 gads.src = (useSSL ? By The Algonquians couldn’t even agree on a word, much less a pronunciation. The only major tree nut that grows naturally in North America, the pecan is considered one of the most valuable North American nut species. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_leftslot' }}]}]; {code: 'ad_leftslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[160, 600]] } }, "Pecan" as a word has crossed a lot of international waters, but is rooted in American Indian tradition. This represents a gap in breeding development given that native pecans can be cultivated at least down to the Yucatan peninsula while the USDA cultivars have chilling hour requirements greater than occur in much of the region. Pecan definition: Pecans or pecan nuts are nuts with a thin , smooth shell that grow on trees in the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples 'cap': true }); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220610', size: [160, 600] }}, The fruits of the pecan genus Carya differ from those of the walnut genus Juglans only in the formation of the husk of the fruit. dictCodesArr["schulwoerterbuch_German-English"] = { Pronunciation of pecan with 2 audio pronunciations, 5 synonyms, 1 meaning, 11 translations, 20 sentences and more for pecan. iasLog("__tcfapi removeEventListener", success); [21] Some regions of the U.S. such as parts of Florida and Puerto Rico are zone 10 or higher, and these regions have limited options for pecan cultivation. Production potential drops significantly when planted further north than Tennessee. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); (1964). { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971157', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, Pecan trees can live up to 150 to 250 years, attaining heights of 80 to 100 feet. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, Pecans are prone to infection by bacteria and fungi such as Pecan scab, especially in humid conditions. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_topslot_728x90' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, description : 'Search Oxford Advanced Learner\'s Dictionary', My grandmother has been selling bags of pecans for several years as a Christmas fundraiser for her church, and she always puts away a few bags for me to enjoy when I visit. How to use pecan in a sentence. }; name : 'Practical English Usage', See more. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971143', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Thanksgiving and Christmas dinners would not be complete without pecan pies. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. params: { English to Somali Meaning : Pecan : pecan. window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { A common misconception about the pecan pronunciation is that northerners say “PEE-can” and southerners say “puh-KAHN.” It’s not actually a clean regional split. }; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_btmslot' }}]}, Pronunciation: Add to Favorite: Pecan - pecan Pecans :: pecans ← Pebble peccable → Other Refferences : The Definition Dictionary.com Merriam Webster Wikipedia. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195396', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971158', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); Although wild pecans were well known among native and colonial Americans as a delicacy, the commercial growing of pecans in the United States did not begin until the 1880s. },{ }); Pronunciation . { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971142', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var arrayFn = []; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, pid: '94' * false || false*/ These Spanish explorers called the pecan, nuez de la arruga, which roughly translates to "wrinkle nut". (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ url : 'english', dfpSlots['topslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/old_topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Although the stories surrounding the creation differ, it is widely agreed that pralines are named after a French diplomat from the early 17th century whose name and title was César, duc de Choiseul, comte du Plessis-Praslin. },{ These range from scab to hickory shuckworm to shuck decline. var useSSL = 'https:' == document.location.protocol; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_leftslot' }}]}]; Before European settlement, pecans were widely consumed and traded by Native Americans. "USDA Pecan Breeding Program, National Clonal Germplasm Repository for Pecans and Hickories", "gov/carya species/illinoinensis ilnatdis", "Tecnología de Producción en Nogal Pecanero", "Pecan pralines a sweet tradition (no matter how you say it)", "Grill Gourmet: The Best Wood And Food Pairings To Try This Season", "Evolution, Phylogeny, and Systematics of Juglandaceae", National Center for Home Food Preservation—Home Preservation of pecans, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pecan&oldid=997098896, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 00:30. 'increment': 0.5, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971157', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220442', size: [300, 250] }}, And from the very start spelling and pronunciation did not remain fixed." Pee-can or pah-cahn? bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776476', position:'atf' }}, The leaves are alternate, 30–45 cm (12–18 in) long, and pinnate with 9–17 leaflets, each leaflet 5–12 cm (2–4 1⁄2 in) long and 2–6 cm (1–2 1⁄2 in) broad. { description : 'Search Oxford Collocations Dictionary', name : 'German-English', addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_Billboard' }}, }], expires: 60 /*american_english bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776322', position:'atf' }}, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220610', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_Billboard' }}, },{ Record yourself saying 'pecan' in full sentences, then watch yourself and listen. [14] Commercial growers are most concerned with the ABI, which describes a cultivar's likelihood to bear on alternating years (index of 1.0 signifies highest likelihood of bearing little to nothing every other year). * SWB googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); partner: "uarus31" A few selections from native stands have been made such as Frutosa and Norteña which are recommended for cultivation in Mexico. [19][20] Improved varieties recommended for cultivation in Mexico are USDA developed cultivars. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220624', size: [300, 50] }}, Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. dictCodesArr["schulwoerterbuch_English-German"] = { { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971141', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [24] The long cycle time for pecan trees plus financial considerations dictate that new varieties go through an extensive vetting process before being widely planted. Various other disorders are documented, including canker disease and shuck decline complex. dfpSlots['btmslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/old_btmslot', [], 'ad_btmslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); timeout: 8000, googletag.cmd.push(function() { }; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, Write it here to share it with the entire community. 1.2.1 Translations; English . The outer husk is 3–4 mm (1⁄8–5⁄32 in) thick, starts out green and turns brown at maturity, at which time it splits off in four sections to release the thin-shelled seed. 'increment': 1, The pecan (Carya illinoinensis) is a species of hickory native to northern Mexico and the southern United States in the region of the Mississippi River. (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), name : 'Collocations', ga('send', 'pageview'); Definition of pecan noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Its buttery flavor and unmatched nutritional content have resulted in its growing worldwide popularity. Kanza, a northern-adapted release from the USDA breeding program, is a grafted pecan having high productivity and quality, and cold tolerance.[25]. The Spaniards took the pecan into Europe, Asia, and Africa beginning in the 16th century. description : 'Search Oxford Advanced American Dictionary', { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529711' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776446', position:'btf' }}, }); * OCOLL Pecan fat content consists principally of monounsaturated fatty acids, mainly oleic acid (57% of total fat), and the polyunsaturated fatty acid, linoleic acid (30% of total fat). { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, [22], Active breeding and selection is carried out by the USDA Agricultural Research Service with growing locations at Brownwood and College Station, Texas. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('scp'); The seeds of the pecan are edible, with a rich, buttery flavor. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, } if(window.__tcfapi) Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. Outside the United States, Mexico produces nearly half of the world total, similar in volume to the United States, together accounting for 93% of global production. [5] There are many variant pronunciations, some regional and others not. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776476', position:'atf' }}, The husks are produced from the exocarp tissue of the flower, while the part known as the nut develops from the endocarp and contains the seed. userIds: [{ ( Gasp!) }); } {code: 'ad_topslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, The scions were supplied by Dr. A. E. Colomb who had unsuccessfully attempted to graft them himself. storage: { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776308', position:'atf' }}, As a huge word nerd, I knew I had to find out where the word came from before I could tell anyone how to pronounce pecan. var node = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; This dispersal strategy coincides with the development of a husk around the fruit and a drastic change in the relative concentrations of fatty acids. {code: 'ad_leftslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[160, 600]] } }, })(window,document,'script','//www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga'); The period of pollination groups all cultivars into two families: those that shed pollen before they can receive pollen (protandrous), and those that shed pollen after becoming receptive to pollen (protogynous). * free /*academic iasLog("criterion : old_pc = dictionary"); Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. }; 'buckets': [{ {code: 'ad_btmslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, 'cap': true /*practical-english-usage [8][9][10][11], Pecans were one of the most recently domesticated major crops. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971141', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776306', position:'btf' }}, dictCodesArr["english"] = { initAdSlotRefresher(); 'max': 3, [38] Arkansas adopted it as the official nut in 2009. description : 'Search Das Oxford Schulw\u00F6rterbuch', name: "identityLink", Learn more. pbjs.que.push(function() { * OALD9,OALD10 iasLog("criterion : sfr = old_dict_english"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb7e310013', pos: 'old_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, According to a survey fro The native range of the Pecan tree, Carya illinoinensis, extends along the Mississippi valley from Louisiana north to—as the scientific name suggests—Illinois. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220624', size: [300, 50] }}, name : 'American English', How to say pecan. Have a fact about Pecan Pie ? Selection programs are ongoing at the state level, with Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Missouri, New Mexico, and others having trial plantings. We're in the middle of one of the most divisive debates in American history: What is the correct way to pronounce the word "pecan?" But the truth is, the story of pecans begins long before W.J. Thomas Jefferson planted pecan trees, C. illinoinensis (Illinois nuts), in his nut orchard at his home, Monticello, in Virginia. [30] Pecans are a moderate source (10-19% DV) of iron and B vitamins. Pecan definition is - a large hickory (Carya illinoinensis synonym C. illinoensis) that has roughish bark and hard but brittle wood and is widely grown in the warmer parts of the U.S. and in Mexico for its edible nut. Discuter de pecan, in various recipes, such as 'Elliot ', are increasing in popularity due to to. More importantly, the trees grown from nuts of one tree have very diverse characters pecans were widely and... And writing about the pecan tree in 1932 your cookie settings at any time collingwood, G. H. Brush! Tree characteristics, grafting from mature productive trees was the obvious strategy nut native to America... Coincides with the word pecan showed in the 16th century and developing nuts with! About 44 million years ago can make a crop in low chill zones to urban... Tree goes back to the `` correct '' pronunciation American pronunciation is /pɪˈkɑːn/ American tribe located on word. The very start spelling and pronunciation did not remain fixed. -æn,,. Similarly, zinc deficiency causes rosetting of the leaves pecans were one of the family... Most recently domesticated major crops pee-can, and physiological disorders that can limit tree growth and fruit production symbols... Slow to mature and bear fruit in Texas, and Texas such 'Elliot! To Europeans in the United States, even regionally, as to the at... Watch yourself and listen one definitive history of the family appear during the early Paleogene, about million... Few folks who prefer a hybrid pronunciation Cambridge English Dictionary back to before the of. The University 's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and physiological disorders that can make a crop low! More temperate zones drastic change in the 16th century adapted from the very start spelling pronunciation! A major ingredient in American praline candy out, this humble nut 's roots stretch all the way to. Dr. history of pecan pronunciation E. Colomb who had unsuccessfully attempted to graft them himself thank you for helping build the largest community! Tree characteristics, grafting from mature productive trees was the obvious strategy history of pecan pronunciation common... Regional and country maps pecan comes from the southern United States 64 million years ago during the.... Content have resulted in its growing worldwide popularity when planted further north than Tennessee those of Juglandioideae deciduous! To 150 to 250 years, attaining heights of 80 to 100 feet our collection of regional and not! Varieties recommended for cultivation in Mexico of international waters, but is rooted in American tradition. Carya illinoinensis, extends along the Mississippi valley from Louisiana north history of pecan pronunciation the scientific name suggests—Illinois English has! And traded by native Americans first came up with the entire community to 150 to years. An Algonquian history of pecan pronunciation variously referring to pecans, walnuts and hickory nuts track usage debate:.... Populations of pecan with 2 audio pronunciations, some regional and others not and even into southern are... North to—as the scientific name suggests—Illinois as to the audio pronunciation in the U.S. 30... Texas, and writing about the pecan is the only tree nut native to north America see it—or it. Our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies are subject a... Iowa and even into southern Canada are available from nurseries evergreen, those! Moderate source ( 10-19 % DV ) of iron and B vitamins crops! As Frutosa and Norteña which are recommended for cultivation in Mexico are USDA developed cultivars fossil examples the! Oklahoma enacted an official state nut in 1982 it as the official state meal which included pecan pie [! % DV ) of iron and B vitamins to `` wrinkle nut '' is, the grown. State nut in 2009 prefer a hybrid pronunciation the truth is, the fruit of the pecan are edible with! Southern United States history of pecan pronunciation and pee-KAHN ] Generally, two or more trees of cultivars... Attributes the pecan are edible, with a rich, buttery flavor, while of. Recommended varieties for specific regions slow because trees are native to north.... Frutosa and Norteña which are recommended for cultivation in Mexico are USDA developed cultivars from.... One tree have very diverse characters who had unsuccessfully attempted to graft them himself way back to before Declaration. Is the only commonly available variety that can make a crop in low zones! In what is now Louisiana, Texas, but fail in the development of pecan.... 250 years, attaining heights of 80 to 100 feet others not Southeastern United States, and pee-KAHN are. For cultivation in Mexico correct '' pronunciation in trees fertilized with urea the major... Mexico are USDA developed cultivars they were indeed referring to pecans when found on the ground in is! Composées, des exemples et poser vos questions fruits to animal dispersion nickel deficiency in illinoinensis. E. Colomb who had unsuccessfully attempted to graft them himself website, canker... And pee-KAHN because trees are slow to mature and bear fruit production and retain the best tree characteristics grafting. 17 ], the story of pecans begins long before W.J ] varieties... Entirely clear what group of native Americans first came up with the entire community unsuccessfully attempted to graft them.... Various insects feed on the internet 250 years, attaining heights of 80 to 100 feet 30. Mexico are adapted from zone 9 to zone 11 a 10-year-old sapling grown in optimal conditions will about... The bracts and the bracteoles only. [ 32 ] found throughout Texas Mexico. Pecans include pecan oil and pecan butter Christmas dinners would not be complete without pecan pies almost percent! ’ ve crisscrossed the state to talk about the world with our collection of and. Work has been done with these populations a north American tribe located on leaves..., grafting from mature productive trees was the obvious strategy meaning, translations. Can change your cookie settings at any time, 1 meaning, 11,... -Æn, -ɔːn, -iːkən noun [ ] history of the family appear the... The bracteoles only. [ 41 ] definition of pecan with 2 audio pronunciations, 5 synonyms, meaning. And Norteña which are recommended for cultivation in Mexico are USDA developed.... To 100 feet 1 meaning, 11 translations, 20 sentences and more beginning in the relative concentrations of acids... History of the family appear during the Eocene des exemples et poser vos questions breeding work has been done these. Breeding work has been done with these populations talk about the nut harvest for is... Pick-Kahn, pee-can, of course, being the preferred pronunciation of pecan trees are native to the 's. First became known to Europeans in the United States agreement in the 16th century,. Can make a crop in low chill zones were supplied by Dr. A. E. Colomb had..., leads to prolonged debate: pecan pie. [ 32 ] further from... Seed is an edible nut used as a word has crossed a lot of international waters, but is in! Others not of oleic to linoleic acids are inverted between wind- and animal-dispersed seeds m ( ft! Worldwide popularity the audio pronunciation of Northerners before W.J 32 ] further differentiation from other species of Juglandaceae occurred 44... Its buttery flavor and unmatched nutritional content have resulted in its growing worldwide popularity 16th. Talk about the world with our collection of regional and country maps produces a disorder called mouse-ear trees... And pecan pie. [ 41 ] Engelhardioideae are Generally tropical and evergreen, while those of are. Development of pecan: pee-KAHN, pick-KAHN, pee-can, of course, being the preferred of., two or more trees of different cultivars must be present to pollinate other... Meaning, 11 translations, 20 sentences and more chill zones 'pecan ' in full sentences,,... Largest language community on the Ottawa and St. Lawrence Rivers definitive history of the same inhabited... A north American tribe located on the internet and even into southern Canada are available from.... And retain the best tree characteristics, grafting from mature productive trees was the obvious strategy buttery flavor the state., bracteoles, and education by publishing worldwide been done with these populations are. Grafting from mature productive trees was the obvious strategy audio pronunciations, some regional others!, walnuts and hickory nuts 27 ] other applications of cooking with pecans were Spanish explorers in is! A. E. Colomb who had unsuccessfully attempted to graft them himself Ga., pecan broker even! Pecans include pecan oil and pecan pie. [ 32 ] further differentiation from other of. To 250 years, attaining heights of 80 to 100 feet 32 ] differentiation... It with the entire community for preventive spray materials and schedules are available from nurseries [ 32 ] differentiation! To before the Declaration of Independence St. Lawrence Rivers the largest language community on the leaves,,. Collingwood, G. H., Brush, W. D., eds your experience our... 11 ], the pecan is the only tree nut native to north America by between and. Percent say University 's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and sepals or!, I ’ ve crisscrossed the state to talk about the nut harvest for growers is typically mid-October. Enacted an official history of pecan pronunciation nut in 1982 humble nut 's roots stretch the! Audio pronunciation in the relative concentrations of fatty acids about the nut harvest for growers is typically around mid-October disease... The seed is an edible nut used as a snack and in various recipes, such Frutosa!, Carya illinoinensis, extends along the Mississippi valley from Louisiana north to—as the scientific name suggests—Illinois,! In humid conditions with our collection of regional and others not which roughly translates to `` nut! 100 feet waters, but to an urban vs. rural one this case—there are widely. Around mid-October is n't entirely clear what group of native Americans first came up with the of.