Sometimes, you can get these symptoms because of medications you’re taking for other health conditions. Beta-blocking drugs work by blocking the receptors that are associated with some of the physiological symptoms of anxiety -- including rapid heartbeat. Doctors aren’t sure why, but these medicines can make some people irritable and anxious. Although not approved by the FDA for anxiety, its anxiolytic effects have been documented in various studies. Because benzodiazepines have a sedative effect, they are sometimes used to treat insomnia and the anxiety that can accompany depression. In certain circumstances, these drug may lead to depression symptoms. Taking beta blockers can also interfere with the body’s production of melatonin, a hormone essential for recuperative sleep. Like decongestants, antihistamines are used in the treatment of allergies and upper respiratory infections. Many doctors use it to help patients with anxiety during drug withdrawal and favor it over benzodiazepines due to its non-addictive nature. Migraine pain medication may also raise the risk for increasing anxiety. Side effects from decongestant medications may include a fast heart rate, rapid breathing, chest discomfort, increased sweating, blurred vision, and dizziness. Get the truth here. You may still feel tired when you wake up. Medications can cause different side effects in different people. Mood changes are a common side effect of these medications: Some of these drugs can make mood disorders worse, such as depression and anxiety. Being aware of the types of medication that can cause irritability and anxiety can help you make a conscious effort to lessen the chances of suffering from such problems. Working with a qualified physician and experienced mental health professional will help ensure that the patient has the tools and skills to better manage the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder. In this article, we will take a look at common anxiety drug side effects, and examine the reasons why anxiety medications are often not recommended. Anxiety and Insomnia Medications Benzodiazepines, a class of medications used to treat anxiety or insomnia, comprise another group that has been linked with cognitive difficulties. However, not all drugs prescribed for anxiety disorders cause significant weight gain. Being taught to hold back negative feelings such as anger, or an excessive need for approval, can also be possible triggers. Common Side Effects of Modern Anxiety Medications. Other anxiety disorders include panic disorder, phobias, selective mutism, social anxiety disorder, and separation anxiety disorder. They are also prescribed to help reduce the risk for a second heart attack, and in some cases, to treat the symptoms of anxiety and panic disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment: “Neuropsychiatric effects of caffeine.”, Cochrane Database System Review: “Phenytoin versus valproate monotherapy for partial onset seizures and generalized onset tonic-clonic seizures.”, FDA: “Medicines in my Home: Caffeine and Your Body.”, International Journal of Child Health and Human Development: “Asthma and Mood Disorders.”, Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics: “Corticosteroid-related central nervous system side effects.”, Mayo Clinic: “Anxiety,” “Migraine,” “Prednisone and other corticosteroids.”, Parkinson’s Disease Foundation: “Prescription Medications.”, Psychiatry (Edgmont): “Real-World Data on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Medication Side Effects.”, UpToDate: “Theophylline use in asthma.”, U.S. National Library of Medicine: “Albuterol (oral route),” “Salmeterol (Inhalation route),” “Thyroid,” “Phenytoin.”. Vitamin supplements and any kind of stimulant like diet pills can cause major headaches too. Continue reading to learn about some of the most common medications that can cause irritability or anxiety. All of these adverse reactions can mimic the symptoms of anxiety, and in sensitive individuals, may even precipitate panic attacks. All rights reserved. Hair loss can begin within 2–5 weeks of starting chemotherapy. Fluoxetine (Prozac), citalopram (Celexa), paroxetine (Paxil) and other SSRI antidepressants commonly used to treat depression and anxiety cause tremor in 20% of folks taking it. These include using drug-free saline nasal sprays, keeping the doors and windows closed when outdoor allergens such as mold, pollen, and ragweed are high, and using an indoor air purifier. In addition to prescription migraine medication, over-the-counter migraine medications can also heighten the risk for anxiety episodes. Antianxiety drugs (Benzodiazepines) Why they are prescribed: Benzodiazepines are used to treat a variety of anxiety disorders, agitation, delirium and muscle spasms, and to prevent seizures. Exhaustion and other stimulants, and even the side effects of certain medications can cause symptoms of anxiety. While beta blockers such as propranolol are very effective in relieving the physical symptoms of anxiety such as a fast heart rate, excessive sweating, and shaking, they can sometimes cause an abnormal heart rate or rhythm, very low blood pressure, pain or tightness in the chest, and insomnia. Doctors may also prescribe them … The extended-release capsule form of this drug (Rytary) can cause anxiety. 14 non-drug remedies that can release tension. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Read about the award. These side effects are tolerated by people without anxiety. Today’s anxiety medications are largely non-addictive, target specific aspects of brain activity, and cause only mild or no side effects in many people. This is because they help ease the symptoms within 30 to 90 minutes of taking the medication. The albuterol in these medications is the offender, it’s great to help open up breathing passageways, but it causes a person to feel stressed and hyperactive. Though antidepressants are sometimes used to treat sleepwalking, they can also, ironically be the cause. Detox can cause distressing symptoms, many of which can be related to anxiety. It is believed that excessive activity in the brain may lead to anxiety or other psychiatric disorders. It is a known fact that cocaine use over time can cause feelings of panic, and this terror often continues for years after the drug is stopped. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. Like benzodiazepines, Pregabalin also increases the action of GABA, and this may be its main mechanism for reducing anxiety. The Houston Chronicle has named SignatureCare Emergency Center one of Houston’s Top Work Places in 2018. People with this disorder may experience anxiety as a result of taking medications, being exposed to a toxic substance, drug abuse, or withdrawing … These medications relieve stress and give a feeling of relaxation. Tricyclic antidepressants work by inhibiting the reuptake of the neurotransmitters serotonin or norepinephrine back into the brain cells. Ergotamine tartrate works by narrowing or constriction the blood vessels that are located around the brain, and it may also help correct abnormal blood flow that is often seen in those with migraines. A 2001 study at the University of Virginia concluded that bupropion had the lowest rate of sexual dysfunction when … Though this medication is slower acting than benzodiazepines, it can cause side effects, including some that impact the intestinal tract and digestion. Some of the most common medicines that affect REM behavior are SSRIs. Medications That Can Cause Anxiety. Used for the treatment of nerve pain, depression and chronic headache, amitriptyline is known to cause tremor of the hands. 4) SSRI antidepressants. Here are four medications that may worsen the symptoms of anxiety: Decongestants are used in the management of allergies and upper respiratory infections to help diminish nasal congestion. The biggest culprits are: Bupropion. They may either make your existing anxiety worse or trigger the symptoms for the first time. Alternatives to using decongestant drugs include inhaling steam, massaging the sinuses, using warm compresses on the forehead and over the nasal bridge, eating spicy foods, and drinking hot beverages. Also keep in mind that several supplements and medications include caffeine and can contribute to anxious feelings, including St. John’s Wort, ginseng, and … They include: When your body doesn’t make enough thyroid hormone, you may lack energy, gain weight, or have trouble concentrating. We have 24-hour emergency centers in Houston (Montrose, Heights, Memorial City, Copperfield, Bellaire, Cypress/FM 1960 and Westchase), Stafford, Mission Bend/Sugar Land, College Station/Bryan, Midland, Odessa, Texarkana, Paris, Killeen and Austin, TX. The most notable example is chemotherapy drugs . But it can cause panic attacks, agitation, and anxiety. Some bronchodilators, medicines that open up airways in your lungs, may also cause anxiety, even if you didn’t have it before. Doctors often prescribe a combination drug, levodopa and carbidopa (Sinemet), to treat Parkinson’s. Although these medications are truly a blessing for some individuals immobilized by anxiety, their use can be accompanied by sedation and mental slowing. While highly effective in treating the symptoms of a migraine, this medication can cause serious side effects which can worsen existing anxiety or cause a panic attack. Before taking medications, those affected by anxiety should speak with their health care providers to evaluate side effects and adverse reactions, and how they might contribute to existing anxiety. **Like newer antidepressants, MAOIs alter the balance of chemical messengers in the brain, which might lead to reduced anxiety … Clumping all anxiety drugs together is misleading. Bupropion, an antidepressant also used to treat anxiety, may cause no sexual side effects, according to Insight Journal 1. Beta blockers are used in the treatment of high blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmia, migraine headaches, hyperthyroidism, and chest pain. Studies have also shown that 89% of people with chronic headache or migraine also suffer from these health conditions. While these drugs are highly effective in restoring an effective breathing pattern, they can lead to unwanted side effects. Tricyclic antidepressants including desipramine (Norpramin), imipramine (Tofranil), and amitriptyline (Elavil) are commonly used to treat ADHD that is comorbid with anxiety. Some medications, for example duloxetine (Cymbalta, Irenka) may also cause liver damage. A migraine drug known as ergotamine tartrate is usually taken at the first sign of an impending migraine headache. While monitoring the side effects of medications can help prevent an increase in symptoms, other treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy, exercise, proper nutrition, and adequate sleep can also help dramatically reduce the frequency and intensity of anxious episodes. Some of them are given below: Venlafaxine (Effexor) Digitalis is a medication used to improve the strength and efficiency of the heart, or to control the rate of the heartbeat. The reason behind this is the composition of the medication and also the stress that a person takes after knowing that one is suffering from high blood pressure. People with anxiety or panic disorder may notice a worsening of their symptoms when they fail to get enough restorative sleep. Texas ER group wants Texans to know the truth about insurance companies’ illegal claims denials. You may have symptoms of anxiety if you’re taking: Many medications for this condition are stimulants, meaning they rev up your brain. Side effects may include anxiety, irritability, confusion, dizziness and restlessness. These drugs are usually used in the treatment of anxiety and insomnia or when it is necessary to cause the muscles to relax. Related medications used for asthma such as theophylline and salmeterol will also cause temporary anxiety. Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that can make it hard to fall asleep, hard to stay asleep, or cause you to wake up too early and not be able to get back to sleep. If side effects are not tolerated well or if they lead to increased anxiety, alternative treatments for allergies should be considered. Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine that causes sedation. Anxiety and panic disorders can heighten the risk for sensitivity to the effects of certain medications. Benzodiazepines are a type of sedative that may sometimes be used as a short-term treatment during a particularly severe period of anxiety. Cycloserine is an antibiotic medication. How to prevent getting the flu (Influenza) during coronavirus (COVID-19), TCU Medical Student Wins SignatureCare Emergency Center’s 2020 Fall Scholarship Award, University of Washington PA Freshman Wins SignatureCare Emergency Center’s 2020 Spring Semester Scholarship, What We Know About the Way the Covid-19 Virus Spreads, Coronavirus (COVID-19) Questions Answered, Signaturecare Emergency Center: Standing Strong with Texans Against coronavirus (COVID-19). Many people are not aware of the medication Clonidine, which is primarily used to treat hypertension. Healthy Place notes that this drug serves as a mild tranquilizer and decreases anxiety in a similar system as anti-depressant medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs. Certain types of medications may have anxiety symptoms as a side effect. Anxiety can make you feel restless, nervous, and panicky even when you’re not in any danger. There are few side effects associated with the intake of anxiety medications, and one of them is weight gain. However, there may be no clear reason why a person feels anxio… Examples include phenelzine (Nardil) and tranylcypromine (Parnate) 8 9. Anxiety medications. They include: They include: Albuterol ( Proventil ). Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are another class of antidepressant that treats depression and anxiety. It’s a drug that stimulates your nervous system, which can rev up your heart and blood pressure and make you jittery, nervous, and anxious. Benzodiazepines are typically used for short-term treatment of anxiety. Anxiety medications can't cure an anxiety disorder, but by altering the level of these chemicals, antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs help control the psychological symptoms. They include: Some headache and migraine medicines include caffeine. However, with anxiety which is simply a symptom of withdrawal, the person's symptoms will generally resolve within a few days of discontinuing alcohol or drug use, while with substance-induced anxiety disorder, the panic and anxiety symptoms are sufficiently … © 2005 - 2021 WebMD LLC. However, those affected by a panic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder may need to consider alternative treatments for their nasal congestion. You might have issues if you’re taking these meds for headache or migraine: These are drugs that work like some of the hormones your body makes. While oral decongestant drugs may be more likely to lead to unwanted side effects, decongestant nasal sprays may also cause side effects to a lesser extent. It can produce an unusually slow or uneven pulse. Combining alcohol and anxiety medications with CNS depressant activity like benzodiazepines can lead to: extreme drowsiness; dizziness, sedation Both of these things can make you restless and anxious, especially if you’re taking high doses. How is Anxiety or an Anxiety Disorder Treated? People with anxiety or panic disorder who wish to take antihistamines should start out with the lowest possible dose to help reduce the risk of side effects. They do not, however, treat nasal congestion, but are highly effective in treating a runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes, and scratchy throat. While such side effects are a possibility and not a guarantee, they may arise, especially in individuals who are predisposed to anxiety. Sometimes doctors also prescribe it to control irregular heartbeats. All of these adverse reactions can intensify symptoms of anxiety. In addition to anxiety sufferers, decongestant medications may not be suitable for people diagnosed with high blood pressure or glaucoma because they can worsen hypertension and raise intra-ocular eye pressure. In some cases, anxiety can be triggered by caffeine, cocaine, and amphetamines. Pregabalin is less likely to cause nausea or a low sex drive than SSRIs or SNRIs. This is because they can increase drowsiness and cause problems with balance … Common examples of benzodiazepines include Xanax (alprazolam), Restoril (temazepam), and Valium (diazepam). If you’re prone to anxiety, caffeine can heighten your symptoms. Older antidepressants drugs called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are sometimes prescribed to treat certain anxiety disorders if other treatments and medications have been ineffective. Antihistamines are known to cause extreme drowsiness; however, in certain people, they can cause insomnia, excitability, anxiety, restlessness, and a rapid heart rate. … But some drugs target the same parts of your body that play a role in anxiety symptoms. Most migraine pain relievers contain caffeine, which can cause cardiac palpitations, sweating, shaking, and insomnia. The medicines used to treat other health issues like anxiety disorder, asthma, depression, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue can also trigger or cause chronic headaches. They treat conditions like asthma, allergies, arthritis, and bronchitis. They also change the way your nerve cells send messages. People with anxiety or panic disorder who wish to take antihistamines should start out with the lowest possible dose to help reduce the risk of side effects. But thyroid pills (Armour Thyroid, Nature-Throid, NP Thyroid) used to treat this condition, called hypothyroidism, can trigger anxiety, shakiness, and hyperactivity. Do you know how stress affects your health? Some bronchodilators, medicines that open up airways in your lungs, may also cause anxiety, even if you didn’t have it before. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors are anti-depression medications that are used to increase the amount of serotonin in the brain. Anxiety drugs are prescribed to millions of individuals suffering from anxiety and stress. Anxiety medications have come a long way since the days when patients were routinely given morphine or other opioids. Antihistamines are known to cause extreme drowsiness; however, in certain people, they can cause insomnia, excitability, anxiety, restlessness, and a rapid heart rate. Treatment depends on the severity and type of anxiety disorder and if it is interfering with everyday life. Phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek) is a medication that calms the electrical activity that happens in the brain during a seizure. Benzodiazepines like alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam (Ativan) can make you feel … Combining medications that can lead to liver toxicity with alcohol may further increase that risk. People affected by migraine headaches should speak with their physicians about the best treatment options that are less likely to contribute to increased anxiety or panic attacks. Benzodiazepines. To make sure that the client is as safe and comfortable as possible during the process, a doctor might administer stabilizing medications (e.g., opioid agonists, benzodiazepines, when applicable) during the withdrawal management period. If your meds are causing you problems, ask your doctor about adjusting doses or switching drugs. This medication will help lessen pain from an existing migraine; however, it will do little to prevent future migraines. Ask your doctor if another medication might be an option. Anxiety and panic disorder can be debilitating. Anxiety: Usually the medications that are prescribed for controlling high blood pressure causes anxiety. People using clonidine dont typically build a tolerance and it can actually help improve cognition. Some medications that cause hair loss affect hairs in the growing stage. Pregabalin is an anticonvulsant. 1. These side effects include extreme dizziness, vertigo or spinning sensations, fast heart rate, vomiting, and numbness and tingling sensations in the arms, legs, and face. Xanax ( alprazolam ), to treat anxiety, even if you didn’t have it before anxiety can make feel... Affected by a panic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder may need to alternative... Anxiety disorder and if it is interfering with everyday life cause irritability or anxiety types of medications may have symptoms!, agitation, and insomnia produce an unusually slow or uneven pulse side effects of certain medications treat conditions asthma! 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Help improve cognition consider alternative treatments for their nasal congestion when you’re not in any danger is! Medications that can accompany depression to 90 minutes of taking the medication Clonidine which... If another medication might be an option Texans to know the truth about insurance companies ’ illegal claims.. Sensitivity to the effects of certain medications can also heighten the risk for anxiety, even you! Those affected by a panic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder and if it believed!