age-related cognitive decline: The slight loss of memory and slowing of the brain's information processing that occurs with normal aging. Arteriosclerosis occurs when cholesterol-rich plaque forms on the inner lining of arteries (atherosclerosis), when artery walls become calcified, or when high blood pressure thickens the muscular wall of arteries. 09.14.2020, Kirsten Slyter | When combined, you can define a specific medical term. It is a type of flavonoid. Also called compact bone. arthrodesis: Joining together two bones to reduce pain and provide stability to a damaged, arthritic, or painful joint. Usually abbreviated as ACE. clot buster: Medications that dissolve blood clots and restore blood flow through a blocked artery. We’ve rounded up a substantial list of common medical and healthcare terms and have provided simple-to-understand definitions to get you started. athlete's foot: A foot infection caused by fungus; symptoms include cracking and peeling skin and itchiness. Important Links . antibody: A protein made by the immune system to protect the body from harmful substances, called antigens. antibiotic: A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria. antagonist: The muscle opposing the major muscle required to do a task. cerebral hemorrhage: Bleeding in the brain caused by the rupture of a blood vessel; another term for hemorrhagic stroke. baseline EKG: An electrocardiogram (EKG) tracing taken in a healthy individual for later comparison to subsequent EKGs. More commonly known as earwax. bunion: A bump of bone or tissue that forms at the big toe joint, causing inflammation and considerable pain. CRP: Abbreviation for C-reactive protein, a protein made by the liver. They are where oxygen enters and carbon dioxide leaves the bloodstream. An electrical signal generated by the sinoatrial node (the heart's natural pacemaker) moves through the heart until it reaches the atrioventricular node, a cluster of cells at the bottom of the right atrium. antiseptic: Substances used on wounds to prevent or treat infection; they kill or slow the growth of disease-causing organisms, such as bacteria, on the surface of the body. Also known as alcoholism. bile: A thick, yellow-green fluid produced by the liver that aids in digestion. claudication: A muscle cramp, usually felt in the calf, caused by poor blood flow to the legs. basilar artery: The artery that supplies blood to the cerebellum, the brainstem, and the back of the brain. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. bolus: A soft mass of chewed food. Not all medical terms have prefi xes. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning.Pre means "before." angiotensin I: An inactive form of the protein angiotensin. Welcome to Medical Subject Headings. 800-538-5038 Weekdays 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. allergy: An immune system reaction (for example, rash, fever, sneezing, or headaches) to something that is normally harmless. chiropractor: Someone who treats disease by manipulation and adjustment of body structures, often the spine. High amounts of C-reactive protein may indicate that arteries are clogged (atherosclerosis). Register. carbohydrate: The sugars and starches in food that provide the body with most of its fuel. central sleep apnea: A disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops during sleep, because the brain doesn't properly signal the muscles that control breathing. communicable disease: Any disease caused by bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens that is spread from person to person. That’s great, but the truth is that there’s a lot more to learn if you have your sights set on a healthcare career. benign orgasmic headache: A severe headache that occurs when orgasm is reached. calorie: The unit for measuring the amount of energy in food. Also called sudden cardiac arrest. What can we help you find? classic migraine: A migraine headache preceded by visual disturbances; also known as a migraine with aura. articular processes: Bony projections on vertebra. asystole: The absence of electrical activity in the heart. BMI = weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in meters) squared. AMD: Abbreviation for age-related macular degeneration, a potentially blinding condition that destroys sharp central vision. bilevel positive airway pressure: A machine that helps people get more air into their lungs when sleeping by increasing the pressure or force of air when breathing in; often used to treat sleep apnea. arrector pili: The small muscle associated with an individual hair follicle that enables hair to stand on end. Both articles and products will be searched. Practice Answer a few questions on each word. audiometry: A complete hearing test that involves listening to sounds of different frequencies and volume. acupuncture: A treatment based on Chinese medicine. Most melanomas come in the form of a new spot on the skin, not changes to an existing mole. Of drugs that diminish the blood 's ability to maintain equilibrium while stationary or moving the was. And heart arteries are clogged ( atherosclerosis ) produces acetylcholine or interpersonal problems the to... 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