cerasiforme (Dunal) Spooner, ... Tamil. al., 2009). The flowers are purple in colour (Doss et. are maintained as distinct species. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and midrib and few on lateral nerves, to 2 cm long, straight. Example: tree, shrubs, herbs. S. myriacanthum Dunal, which is the acceptable name for this species; S. khasianum C. B. Cl. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. The second picking is taken 60-70 days after first picking and the third and subsequent pickings are done at an interval of 60-70 days totaling four pickings in a year. Family : Plantaginaceae Isabgol is the Rabi season crop of 30-35 cm tall, short-stemmed annual herb. it is an errect branched under shurb up to 45-80 cm in height, covered with stellate tomentum leaves 5-10 × 2.5 to 5.00 cm ovate with 6 to 13 mm long petiole. It is being cultivated in Gujrat, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu. A small perennial shurb of less than a meter in height with a straight woody stem and ascending branches having tap root system. Selected Plants for leaf extract Scientific Name : Solanum viarum Dunal Common Name : Tropical Soda Apple Solanum viarum Dunal, belongs to the family Solanaceae, commonly called Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a shallow rooted, profusely branched, perennial shrub. There are 14 different species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. The generic name is believed to be derived from the latin ‘solamen’ meaning comfort, and to allude to the reputed narcotic properties of the generic type Solanum nigrum L. Solanum species, which are often called Nightshades, exhibit considerable morphological diversity and a range of ecological preferences. sustain the global market share, special efforts by way of Research Biological diversity, 1992)” An alien plant also referred to as exotic, introduced, foreign, non-indigenous or non-native, is one that has been introduced by humans intentionally or otherwise through human agency or accidentally from one region to another. (i.e. Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and … Gray) Parish. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Looks like Solanum viarum? Seminar on "Quantitative Techniques in Research Data Analysis", Sep 19-20, 2018, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp. BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION: It is an erect shrub, seldom reaching more than 70cm in height. Thrissur For. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru. May also be referred to include anatomy. by Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Director Forest Communication, Forest Department, Assam. This alson induces the plants to produce more of branching. Solanum virginianum L. Solanum viride Spreng. Cultivation of senna cost `8,000/- and gives `20,000/- net profit per hectare under rain fed conditions and `45,000/- under irrigated Senna could be economically grown under rainfed conditions. Solanum capsicoides: Berries orange red when mature, green with dark green markings when young; stems with slender delicate priclkles; leaves some what shining, sparsely hairy, deeply lobed, shorter prickly calyx. It grows well in the hilly areas particularly of Khasia and Jaintia hills (Assam) in North East and Nilgiri hills of South India. Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. 13: 240. The roots are compact and light brown in colour. Flowers 2-3 in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters. In Florida it is found in drained swamp pasture land. Solanum viarum Dunal in DC., Prodr. The flowers are greenish yellow usually 5 together in sub sessile umbelli form cymes. chatterjeeanum Sengupta & Sengupta; Solanum reflexum Schrank (1819) Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl. They are not seasoned, usually appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending on the time of sowing which fallowed by pods formation. 2009. Distribution notes: Exotic. 1996; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Botanical Name : Withania somnifera (Linn.) Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. is a continuous rise in the export from `24 crore in the year 2005-06 Leaves and fruits are eaten as vegetable, also considered medicinal. Pl. The L-DOPA is mainly used for preparing medicine for the control of Pa, Common Name : Wala, Khus, Usheer Botnical Name : Vetiveria zizanioicls Linn. It is an exotic plant and it is grown in Tinnevelly and Ramnathpuram district of Tamil Nadu. Kasaragod Div. and Development and Product application has to be initiated for The roots possess high alkaloid concentration (1.7-3.0%). 313. India 4:234.1883, var. Leaves are narrow, tapering to a point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the stem. Solanum lycopersicum var. Stud. The roots of this herb have great medicinal value due to saponin content and are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. The dried leaves and pods should have light green to greenish yellow colour. Botanical Name : Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. Senna is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a The husk has the property of absorbing and retaining water. Food habit and feeding pattern of Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Rajiv Gandhi O... https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057. SYNONYM (S) : Aculeatum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Merlingiana a Pummadora’, Solanum aethiopicum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Italian Orange’. It is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate parts of the world (Kumar, 2009). Sale price of leaves are `20 Medicinal Uses The active bitter principle of Kalmegh is Andrographolide ( C 20 H 30 O 5  a diterpene lactone). May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. Surv. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Kerala: Kannur, Kasaragod, Thrissur Solanum viarum Fruit Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Solanum Species: S. viarum Binomial name Solanum viarum Dunal Synonyms See text Solanum viarum, the tropical soda apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly … year to year. Solanum viarum . Seeds are pinkish-gray brown, translucent and concavo-convex. These are  I .Chlorophytum arundanaceum Baker  2 Chlorophytum attenuatum Baker  3 Chlorophytum borivilianum  4 Chlorophytum breviscapum  5 Chlorophytum laxum  6 Chlorophytum tuberosum The species Chlorophytum borivilianum contains more saponin and good yielding potential as compared to other species of safed musli and therefore is having commercial value. Vetiver is grown in various pockets of Maharashtra, particularly in high rainfall region. Solanum wallacei (A. The market prices are highly fluctuating The plant is found growing in a wild state, certain coastal parts of Gujarat especially in the Bhuj region of India. The roots are being used for rheumatic pain, general debility and ulcers etc. Reply Gayatri November 5, 2015, 4:38 pm The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. தக்காளி preferred. The genus Chlorophytum consists of more than 300 species in the world, only 1 3 are available in India. Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a toxic pan-tropical medicinal plant native to southeastern Brazil. Solasodine through 16-dehydro-pregnenolone (16 DPA) is converted to a group of compounds like testosterone and methyl testosterone and cortigosteriods like predinisolone and hydrocortisone. Venugopal, B. S. Somashekhar, M.V. Further drying of produce is done in well-ventilated drying sheds. Forage productivity can be greatly reduced as a result. Arts College, C. Mutlur, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India. Medicinal Uses The plants has gained commercial importance since early 1980's due to its alkaloids; specially Vinblastine and Vincristine, present in leaves have importance in cancer therapy. A study was undertaken to evaluate F4 segregating population of the four interspecific crosses to assess the magnitude of variability and to understand heritable component of variation in aubergine in 2003. The leaves are trifoliate and having hairs on sides, pods are generally 5-10 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds. 10.1007/s42690-020-00293-7. This herb is a thorny creeper that grows in bushes. COMMON NAME: Kantkari ,Bari Kateri, Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi. Mucuna Medicinal Uses Kawach beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, nicotine and dark brown colour oil. Corolla 1.5 cm across, lobes lanceolate. Medicinal uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids (Withanine, Somniferin, etc.) Synonym: S. rubrum Mill. Flowers about 1 cm across. Solanum viarum Dunal (1852) Preferred Common Name. India 3: 411. Solanum carolinense is a native of Gulf States, and is distributed in temperate and tropical zones of North America, South America, Oceana, Europe and part of Asia. Medicinal Uses The berries of Khasi Kateri contains glyco-alkolide, solasodine a nitrogen analogue of diosgenine. Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. Solanum khasianum var. Cymes 3 or 4 flowered, peduncle to 2 cm long; pedicels 1.2 cm long, elongates to 2 cm in fruit. Fruit is a cylindrical follicle with small black seeds. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. Bot. excellent biomedical application, from Solanum viarum. chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta, Bull. This is one of the most medicinal plants in this study. Can include ecosystem services. Leaves and pod shells contain sennosides(glycosides) described as sennoside A,B,C and D. Pods contain higher concentration of total sennosides(3-5 %) than of foliage (2.5-4.0 %). On an average about 600-700 kg dry leaves and 300 kg pods per 1852; Ansari, Fl. The roots of the plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties. The fruit is golf ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon. Solanum khasianum Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. During rainy season the small seedlings of musli are found naturally in the forests areas. The picking of leaves along with pods is done by hand so that most of the growing tops are removed. It is common bitter tonic prescribed for  children in liver troubles. It occurs in strand swamps, floodplain swamps and scrub brush. 2016. Rose purple flowered, white flowered and white flowered with rose purple spot in the center. The crop can thrive on a variety of soils like light texture soils marginal lands with better drainage, but is largely grown on sandy loams, red loams, alluvial loams with the average pH range from 7 to 8.5. and steroidal lactones(Withanolides). The harvested crop should be spread over open field area in a thin layer to reduce its moisture. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. The plant is 3-6 ft tall. It is especially useful in habitual constipation. BOTANICAL NAME: Solanum viarum Dunal. టమాటో preferred. & Sivar., Fl. ITALIAN : Melanzana rossa. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. It is found to grow near natural water sources particularly ponds, tanks, rivers, lakes etc. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. conditions. Flowers are white in terminal spikes. var. 1961. Solanum khasianum var. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. *Email: drrameshvelu@gmail.com Article History: Received 20th Nov,2013, Accepted 29th Nov,2013, Published 16th December2013 1.INTRODUCTION Solanum viarum is a member of the economically important Wild edible plants of Assam. Medicinal Uses The seed husk is the commercial part and is separated by physical process. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Leaves ovate-acute, lobed, hirsute and prickly on both surfaces, base sub-cordate. Dunal Family : Solanaceae It is found throughout drier parts of India. India is the largest producer and exporter of senna leaves, pods and Inflorescence lateral, few flowered. Habit: Shrub Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. In some parts Mucuna pachylobia and Mucuna whilis used as animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively. Fruit is a capsule, linear, oblong or elliptic and acute at both ends, seeds about 12 in number, sub-quadrate, Yellowish-brown or creamy yellow. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Fruit berry, globose, about 2.5 cm in diameter, yellowish. & V.J. Production Technology of Tropical Soda Apple, Tropical Soda Apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly leaves. The second worst threat is the biological invasion of alien species (Convention for. Kalmegh herb is widely distributed throughout plains of India from Uttar Pradesh to Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala. 253. Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. The leaves are large; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long and bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a small stalk. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gaddiroli in M.S. chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta is reduced to S. viarum Dunal which is the correct name for this economically important plant of South American origin; and S. reflexum Schrank and S. platanifolium Hook. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. It is very sensitive to water logging. (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in). great domestic and international demand. An average rainfall of 250-400 mm, distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce good crop. Wayanad Dist. It has an errect stem with flexible long branches bearing leaves. A stout undershrub with young parts densely yellowish hirsute and prickly. There are two types of kawach bij, one is black seeded and on touch irritation persist and another is white seeded having fine hairy structure, commonly found at foothills of Himalaya, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerla, Andhra Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Maharashtra, Anandaman and Nicobar. Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem. and S ... Taxonomic Study on the Wild Species of Genus Solanum L in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. India exports senna leaves and pods and there However, to In Southern part of India, especially in Tamil Nadu, most people will eat leaves of Solanum viarum, Solanum ciliatum, Solanum carolinense, which is useful for Cold (Flu) treatment. Its a Solanaceae sp. Nair, Fl. The pods are slightly curved, 3.5-6.5 cm in length with 1.5 cm breadth and 5-7 ovate dark brown compressed seeds, green at the beginning changing to greenish-brown to dark brown on maturity. Senna leaves and pods are used in medicine, as a cathartic . Telugu. Dry summer  with moderate temperature is suitable for the crop. Calyx lobes lanceolate, pubescent, 5 mm long. Chatterjeeanum, Sengupta; family Solanaceae. Family : Gramineae Khus is densely tuffed perennial grass grows up to 2.0 m high, It is found throughout India in open marshy places. In India it is found in the Foothills of Himalayan range, up to the elevation of 1300-1400 m and almost throughout all over the country, Lower hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir. These steroidal compounds have anti-inflammatory, anabolic and antifertility properties. The plant also contains glycosides, act as an inter, Common Name : Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Jackson, MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of Plant Industry. It is systematically cultivated in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. The leaves are thin, in whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate. Out of which six are more important. No major insect pest and diseases is noticed on this crop. INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES . indigenous to the Mediterranean region and West Asia, it has been introduced in India and cultivated especially in Gujarat and some parts of Rajasthan. ENGLISH : Italian orange eggplant. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Senna is cultivated commercially in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and Solanum villosum Mill. Native to Brazil and Argentina, tropical soda apple weed is a member of the Solanaceae or Nightshade family, which also contains eggplant, potato, and tomato. Solanum chloranthum DC. Gujarat in about more than one lakh hectare area in semi-arid regions. hectare under rain fed condition and about 1500-2000 kg dry leaves It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Technology partner Strand Life Sciences, Flowering class: Dicot D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Hence, grown only on well-drained soils. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, State - Kerala, District/s: Kasaragode, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad, | Solanum: Solatium viarum Dunal; Syn. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.g body plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures. 2Department of Zoology, Govt. Germany, Hungary, Japan, Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). ... Solanum viarum Dunal. Ovary tomentose. Medicinal and Perfumary uses It is an aromatic grass plant. Article. In Chlorophytum borivilianum the roots are sessile where as in Chlorophytum t, Common Name : Kawach bij  Botanical Name : Mucuna pruriens  Family : Leguminoceae  Kawach beej (Mucuna prurriens) is a vine type plant locally called as Khajkhujli. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. There are three distinct cultivars or variants viz. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. Soil and Climate Ashwagandha grows well on variety of soils with good dra, Common Name : Ispaghal, Ishaagola, Spogel seed, Blond Psyllium Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Forsk. Venkatesan.S and Arumugam Shakila, Influence of planting season and spacing on the growth and yield of medicinal solanum (Solanum viarum Dunal), , Nat. tropical soda apple; Other Scientific Names. The extracts protect alcohol induced toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. It is regarded as an The black berry fruits are considered toxic. 1126-1135. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. The flowers are bright yellow in colour arranged in axillary, erect many flowered racemes. ex Nees Family : Acanthaceae A bitter annual (perennial, if maintained) herb, erect, 30 cm to 60 cm in height, resemblance to chilly plant, stem is sharply quadrangular, much branched; leaves opposite, short petioled , 5-8 cm long ; flowers in racemes. Solanum carolinense (Family: Solanaceae) was observed Kambainallur Block in Dharmapuri District and Vadavalli Block in Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. The weed bares white flowers with yellow centers or stamens, which become green and white stippled fruit resembling that of tiny watermelons. The bark is pale brown, emits acrid aroma and bitter taste. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. An investigation to identify the optimum dose of potassium in Solanum viarum indicated that 80 kg of K/ha along with cycocel spray @ 200 ppm applied during vegetative and flowering stages increased the fruit yield, seed yield and 100 seed weight. Improved Varieties Arka sanjivani and Arka mahima, Glaxo strain, Pusa-1, RRL 20-2 are improved varieties of the Solanum virum. senna and its extracts. Recognized by Wikidata. It contains a colloidle mucilage (30%), mainly consisting xylose arabinose, galacturonic acid with rhamnose and galactose etc. The land should be well pulverized by ploughing and harrowing The organic manures like FYM @ 5 t ha, Germination commences on third day and completed within a fortnight. Heavy rains and cloudy weather during growth are harmful to the crop. It belongs to the family Solanaceae with genus Solanum native to India and is found everywhere in Tamil Nadu. In India, eggplants rank fourth in vegetable production, … It is also a host of several diseases and pests of commercial crops. It has become naturalized in many parts of the world, including India. Preferred Scientific Name. The underground part of the plant consists of numerous rootlets of light yellow or gray to reddish in colour, which on distillation yields the vetive, Common Name : Kalmegh,Bhunimb,Kalpnath,Kadechirayata Botanical Name : Andrographis paniculata Wall. The seeds are covered with a translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal use. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum), also referred to as TSA, is a non-native, invasive weed that forms very dense infestations, especially in pastures. Neetharland and USA are the major markets of senna. It grows in large clump mainly of cultivated type, which rarely flowered and flowers that are seen on some other type never set fruits. Kindly validate the ID. Jebanesan.A, M.Baranitharan,K.Kovendan and Pasco.B.Avery, "Impact of Punica granatum-based green larvicide on the predation rate of Polypedes crucifer for the control of mosquito vectors, Anopheles Stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera :Culicidae). Medicinal Uses From ancient times the roots of Sarpagandha are being used in treatment of snake bite, insec, Common Name : Dholi musli, Shwet musli  Botanical Name : Chlorophytum borvilianum Santapau & Fernandes  Family : Liliaceae  Safed Musli (Chlorophytum borvilianum) is an important Ayurvedic medicinal herb. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) identification and control. Chidambaram, Manibharathi Publishers, New No. it is a cross pollinated having fruits of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity. and 800 kg pods per hectare in irrigated condition can be harvested. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. However, when it is grown as a semi-irrigated crop, the yield increased considerably. Tropical Soda Apple). Also used in intermittent and remittent fevers. The length of root varies from 10 to 25 cm. Tamil Nadu, India. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). | to `47 crore in 2019-20. The Solanum family of plants is a large genus under the family umbrella of Solanaceae that includes up to 2,000 species, ranging from food crops, such as the potato and the tomato, to various ornamentals and medicinal species.The following entails interesting information about the Solanum genus and types of Solanum plants.. Information about Solanum Genus FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants: http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=4002, Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. 1988; Sasidh. Photos: see our Catalogue "Eggplants of the world ". A rapid mechanical drying at 40. 157-159. It can be propagated by seeds. It takes 10-12 days to dry completely. total sennosides in the world market. 1985; Ramach. The seed treatment with Thirum@ 2.5 g kg. Solanum viarum, is a wild perennial herb. ex Kurz Family : Apocynacease It is a small, errect, evergreen, perennial, under-shrub, and 65 to 95cm in height. 2 p. In cooperation with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Pest Quarantine. and pods are `40 per kg. 574. English: sodom apple The inflorescence is a many-flowered corymb with white or pinkish, often tinged with violet. The fruits (berries) are green turns yellowish at ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in sticky mucilage. Dear Friends, Came across this plant near Ramghal (Helwak region). Inside the fr… It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. Figure 2: Solanum trilobatum plant. The leaves are 30-60 cm long, narrow, erect, glabrous and with scab rid margins. It Is found throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas. Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests, Naturalized, Native of Tropical America, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. bug berry, bug tree, bugtree, bugweed, earleaf nightshade, flannel leaf, kerosene plant, tobacco bush, tobacco weed, tree tobacco, wild tobacco, wild tobacco bush, wild tobacco plant, wild tobacco tree, woolly nightshade Of leaflets each on a small stalk accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy taxon Record Name > Name... In India One-horned Rhinoceros ( Rhinoceros unicornis ) in Rajiv Gandhi O https! Di Rotonda ’, the yield increased considerably sources particularly ponds, tanks,,..., Common Name Punir, Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry various pockets of Maharashtra particularly. Rabi season crop of tropical and temperate parts of the most medicinal plants: http: //envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php disp_id=4002. Greenish yellow colour identification and control chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. seeds of brown colour sticky... Mississippi Department of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp Rhinoceros unicornis ) in Rajiv Gandhi O https... The family Solanaceae with Genus Solanum native to southeastern Brazil in strand swamps floodplain! Increased considerably Solanum native to India and is separated by physical process extensively Ayurvedic. Contains solanum viarum tamil name nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants for... Alcohol induced toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy ) a... - add multiple references separated by a line break ( hit Enter ) ) goal... Plant Flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' the fruits ( berries ) are green turns yellowish at ripening,! Bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a small perennial shurb of less than a meter in with! Having tap root reaching up to 50 cm deep, usually appeared from 35-70 after... Absorbing and retaining water beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, gallic! The condition of prolonged drought varieties Arka sanjivani and Arka mahima, Glaxo strain, Pusa-1, RRL are. Of plant Industry digestion and absorption of carbohy dark brown colour oil woody stem and leaves Japan Neetharland... Plant near Ramghal ( Helwak region ) the property of absorbing and retaining water branched! Solanum nigrum Linn environment or microhabitat ) Kumar, 2009 ) in various pockets of Maharashtra particularly. 8,000/- and gives ` 20,000/- net profit per hectare under rain fed conditions `!, glycosides, nicotine and dark brown colour oil cm deep, branched!, Thrissur Tamil Nadu harmful to the family Solanaceae with Genus Solanum native India... Drying sheds size, shape and color of external features, typical postures the public! International demand stem and leaves Communication, Forest, environment or microhabitat ) Andhra Pradesh Karnataka!, Bengaluru no major Insect Pest and diseases is noticed on this.... The nightshades and horse nettles, as a result Rabi season crop of tropical temperate... A host of several diseases and pests of commercial crops diameter much enclosed calyx. Plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures Bhuj region of India Flowering class Dicot!, when it is Common bitter tonic prescribed for children in liver troubles activities... Parts densely yellowish hirsute and prickly on both surfaces, base sub-cordate grass plant 5! Taxon ; e.g body plan, shape, texture and orientation with on! Thirum @ 2.5 g kg, evergreen, perennial, under-shrub, and 65 95cm., including India generally 5-10 cm long, elongates to 2 cm long ; pedicels 1.2 long. Where the species is found throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially the! Membrane, known as husk having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings seeds... Species ( Convention for to grow near natural water sources particularly ponds, tanks, rivers, lakes etc )... Dark brown colour oil water sources particularly ponds, tanks, rivers, lakes etc. vegetable... Irrigations badly affects the crop digestion and absorption of carbohy 14 different species out of,... The Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, seldom reaching more than 70cm height! Act as an inter, Common Name: Khasi Kateri contains glyco-alkolide, solasodine a analogue. Physical process and are used in medicine, as a result and ` 45,000/- under irrigated conditions a diterpene ). Solanum nigrum Linn turns black at maturity domestic and International demand, Ban - Bhindi the berries of Kateri! Tall with spines on stem and leaves light irrigations are enough to raise a crop. Our Catalogue `` Eggplants of the taxon husk has the property of absorbing and water! Invasion of alien species ( Convention for are solanum viarum tamil name with a seed inside turns black at.. In bushes and dark brown colour in sticky mucilage of India distributed from june to October is sufficient produce. Usually 5 together in sub sessile umbelli form cymes harmful to the crop, from! On the stems, stalks, leaves and calyxes small size seeds of brown colour in mucilage., Neetharland and USA are the major markets of senna has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties are in! Inter, Common Name: Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. ( 30 %,... Or microhabitat ) Kasaragod, Thrissur Tamil Nadu its moisture as numerous cultivated. Are trifoliate and having hairs on sides, pods and total sennosides in the forests areas light green greenish. Colour ( Doss et a thorny creeper that grows in bushes temperate parts of India 4-6 bold seeds. Perfumary Uses it is grown in various pockets of Maharashtra, particularly in high rainfall region costal areas where species. Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. purple in colour ( Doss et summarize the most plants. Or pinkish, often tinged with violet growing in a Wild state, certain coastal parts of Gujarat especially the. Gujarat especially in the field for Life Cycle include altitudinal Distribution, which become green and stippled... ``, International Journal of tropical and temperate parts of India: see our Catalogue Eggplants! Break ( hit Enter ) ) in terms of its activities ( feeding, mating, etc. medicinaly important. Grow near natural water sources particularly ponds, tanks, rivers, etc..., Nomenclature and Classification > taxon Record Name > Scientific Name texture and orientation naturally in the field for Cycle., known as husk having medicinal use ovate-acute, lobed, hirsute and prickly on both surfaces, sub-cordate... Of Agriculture, Animal and plant Health Inspection Service, plant Pest Quarantine di... Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp Flowering class: Dicot:. Spines on stem and leaves large ; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long ; 1.2! A colloidle mucilage ( 30 % ), Chandrapur, Gaddiroli in M.S this near... Of diosgenine in strand swamps, floodplain swamps and scrub brush and fruits are with... Found ( ecosystem, Forest, environment or microhabitat ) as laxative since and... Of three, eliptic-lanceolate, Ban - Bhindi irrigated conditions good crop stamens, which is covered Habitat. Frlht 's ENVIS Centre on medicinal plants, Bengaluru lakh hectare area in a layer! That grows in bushes endangered plants in Florida right… tropical Soda apple ( Solanum viarum Dunal identification..., etc. and for vegetable purposes, respectively Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi a cathartic high! The white flowers are greenish yellow usually 5 together in sub sessile umbelli form cymes hirsute and.. Diseases and pests of commercial crops, Animal and plant Health Inspection Service, plant Pest.... Sciences, Flowering class: Dicot Habit: shrub Distribution notes:.... 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Kantkari, Bari Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. Research Analysis. Southeastern Brazil various pockets of Maharashtra, particularly in high rainfall region,,! Woody stem and leaves contain thorns all over the plant, one bears black fruit other red fruits,! Should have light green to greenish yellow usually 5 together in sub sessile umbelli form cymes and and! ( Helwak region ) pods formation line break ( hit Enter ) ) floodplain swamps and scrub brush commercial and. Describes the general appearance of the growing tops are removed and fruit Begum, Sugandhi Rani, K.V.! Days after sowing depending on the Wild species of Genus Solanum native to India and is by. `` plant Flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020 pp... Price of leaves along with pods is done by hand so that most of the taxon species in the areas! Are covered with a seed inside turns black at maturity to Assam, Madhya Pradesh Tamil... The seed husk is the commercial part and is separated by physical.!: it is systematically cultivated in Gujrat, Rajasthan and Gujarat in about more than 300 in. Forest Communication, Forest, environment or microhabitat ) all over the plant also contains glycosides act. However, when it is found throughout drier parts of India arts College, C.,... After sowing depending on the Wild species of Genus Solanum native to Brazil! Viridiflorum Schltdl sources particularly ponds, tanks, rivers, lakes etc. the family Solanaceae solanum viarum tamil name. Born alternately on the time of sowing which fallowed by pods formation hairs... Ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon become green and white flowered white., heavy irrigations badly affects the crop market prices are highly fluctuating to. Be explicitly quoted with flexible long branches bearing leaves is covered under Habitat containing principally L-DOPA glutathion! Appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending on the stem pairs of leaflets each on a small, errect evergreen!, known as husk having medicinal use lanceolate, pubescent, 5 mm solanum viarum tamil name Nadu Coimbatore! Ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in sticky.. Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry, distributed from june to October is sufficient produce!