Source: Adapted from Formulary for Laboratory Animals, Hawk, Leary, and Morris 2005. The Animal Welfare Act (AWA), the law requiring records to be kept on laboratory animals, excludes mice, rats, and birds from its coverage. Environmental changes are made with the goal of increasing the animals’ behavioral choices and drawing out their species-appropriate behaviors, thus enhancing animal welfare. Other states of poor welfare. As our understanding of animal pain has developed, great progress has also been made in diagnosing and treating it, and it is now far more common to treat pain in animals used in research than it was many years ago. Exempt: Birds, mice and … Laboratory Animal Welfare provides a comprehensive, up-to-date look into the new science of animal welfare within laboratory research. Read more here. later became the Animal Welfare Act. The total estimated number of animals used in research in the U.S. is 11-23 million; worldwide, the number of animals used is thought to be well over 100 million. Animals specifically considered include rodents, cats and dogs, nonhuman primates, agricultural animals, avian animals and aquatic animals. Common Sites for Blood Collection: A good husbandary program provides a system of housing and care that permits animals to grow, mature , reproduce , and maintain good health. Note: If the amount of blood volume removed is 7.5% of total blood volume, allow 1 week recovery; if amount removed is 10%, allow 2 weeks recovery; if amount removed is 15%, allow 4 weeks recovery. Regulatory Animal Oversight Agencies Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW)--- National Institutes of Health (NIH) United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International (AAALAC) MYTH: Researchers are indifferent to the well being of animals. AZA/BAG 1999 Enrichment Working Group Key Points: 156 The scientific and moral aspects of welfare are mutually dependent, and the relationship between these two . One such promising technique is heterospecific play, or “rat tickling”, which mimics aspects of rat rough-and-tumble play and can contribute to improving welfare, but may be infrequently implemented. HOUSING: Caging and housing system: The caging or housing … MAINTENANCE OF LABORATORY ANIMALS Proper management of animal facilities is essential to the welfare of animals, validity of research data, and health and safety of the animal care staff. Many animals also seem to be capable of experiencing poor welfare caused by something other than pain. USDA oversight of care for dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, and non-human primates and other mammals used in biomedical research and education. Animal welfare is a matter for both science and morality, and neither domain, acting alone, can adequately explain the issue or provide the answers. You learn how to apply humane endpoints, which improves the scientific quality of your research. Animal ethics • Term used to describe human-animal relationships and how animals ought to be managed and treated • The subject matter includes animal rights, animal welfare, animal law, animal cognition, wildlife conservation, the moral status of nonhuman animals, And the history of animal use PPS, MUHS, Nashik 1/16/2018 8 Laboratory Animal Welfare Act of 1966 . The website is free of charge, but you can contribute to its future by making a voluntary donation. 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