If you would like to support this site, please consider, The plant has lost its leaves for the dry season, but the fruits are still hanging there, Ripening fruit on a plant growing in the greenhouse of the Deutsches Institut für tropische und subtropische Landwirtschaft, Witzenhausen, Germany, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. References : Chen, R. et al., (2009),Two novel oligosaccharides from Solanum nigrum, Carbohydrate Research, 344, 1775–1777. How Solanum Trilobatum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Frequent citation of particular plant species could indicate potentially higher bioactive anti-gonorrhea content. et al., (2010),Comparison of the nutritional value and biological activities of the acetone, methanol and water extracts of the leaves of Solanum nigrum and Leonotis leonorus, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48, 964–971. Laxative. Stem, fruit, shoot and leaf, Steroidal glycoalkaloids: α-solamargine, α-solasonine, chacotriose, disaccharides: α-D-oleandropyranoside from plant, Leaves: antioxidative, antibacterial; alcoholic extract of fruits: cancer chemopreventive, antiulcerogenic and ulcer healing properties. 4 ALDANA MV, LIMA CN, 1999 Isolation and characterization of a glycoside from fluid extracts of Solanum americanum Mill. Medicinal plants were used widely by the outpatient population studied. Madras 936(657). It is the prime … Research indicates the presence of toxic glycoalkaloids and there are warnings to be careful on the use of S.americanum as herbal medicine and food. Son, Y. O. et al., (2003),Ripe fruits of Solanum nigrum L. inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in MCF-7 cells, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 41, 1421–1428. In Kenya four varieties of it grow and three are highly sought after. List of medicinal plant used for cancer; It has skill analgesic; Solanum Nigrum is also believed if it has skill analgesic that can reduce pain. Another widespread use of the plant is in the treatment of venereal diseases. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Solanum nigrum (soLAYnum KNEEgrum, the Black Nightshade) is found in the Old World, Africa to India and beyond. many medicinal uses in traditional system of medicine is Solanum americanum an important medicinal plant widely used as an antiseptic and is given internally for cardalgia and gripe. 1. Common Names: List of various diseases cured by Solanum Trilobatum. The flowers are yellow in cyme inflorescence. In recent years, academic interest has been increasing. GATHERING: Anytime in Hawai’i. It is called as Manathakkali in Tamil. Its closest relatives are found in South America and this might be the origin. nitidibaccatum (Bitt) Edmonds 32 S. retroflexum Dunal 34 There are endemic species of Solanum that look very similar to S. americanum. Biodiversitas 191941: -1954. Jimoh, F.O. Screening of 68 plants against Gram-positive bacteria. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Solanum Trilobatum. The fruits are classified as berries. The plant Solanum Xanthocarpum also known as Wild eggplant or Kantakari is a perennial, thick, bright green and branched shrub. It shows medicinal properties like an-timicrobial, anti-oxidant, cytotoxic properties, antiulcerogenic, and hepatoprotective activity. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Leunca (Solanum americanum Mill. The Latin generic name Solanum is derived from solor or solatus, comforter, for some plants in this genus that were used medically, specifically S. nigrum, once used to treat epilepsy. An infusion of the plant is used as an enigma in infants having abdominal upsets. Solanum nigrum (soLAYnum KNEEgrum, the Black Nightshade) is found in the Old World, Africa to India and beyond. Solanum americanum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Solanum nigrum naturally occurs in Africa and is used as food as well as medicinal plant in Cameroon to treat pneumonia, aching teeth, stomach ache, tonsillitis, wing worms, pain, inflammation and fever, tumor, inflammation, and also as hepaprotective, diuretic, antipyretic [77]. Possibly native. This is via high levels of the glycoalkaloids, solanine and solamargine. The leaves are ovate-oblong, elliptic and hairy. Ken Fern, The green fruit is particularly poisonous and eating unripe berries has caused the death of children. web interface by Jimoh, F.O. Jainu, M. and Shyamala, D. C. (2006), Antiulcerogenic and ulcer healing effects of Solanum nigrum (L.) on experimental ulcer models: Possible mechanism for the inhibition of acid formation, Journal of Ethnopharma- cology, 104, 156–163. In America, Africa and other parts of the world, it is used as a food crop though complained of toxicity. Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. Mulyanto D, Iskandar J, Abdoellah OS, Iskandar BS, Riawanti S, Partasasmita R. 2018. et al., (2010),Comparison of the nutritional value and biological activities of the acetone, methanol and water extracts of the leaves of Solanum nigrum and Leonotis leonorus, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48, 964–971. Action of Solanum Americanum. In recent years, academic interest has been increasing. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Other toxins present in the plant include chaconine, solasonine, solanigrine, gitogenin a… Morillo, M. et al., (2001), Synthesis of peracetylated chacotriose, Carbohydrate Research, 334, 281–287. Antispasmodic. It is covered with fine short hairs. Antimicrobial. Biodiversitas 19: 1941-1954. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Son, Y. O. et al., (2003),Ripe fruits of Solanum nigrum L. inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in MCF-7 cells, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 41, 1421–1428. Jainu, M. and Shyamala, D. C. (2006), Antiulcerogenic and ulcer healing effects of Solanum nigrum (L.) on experimental ulcer models: Possible mechanism for the inhibition of acid formation, Journal of Ethnopharma- cology, 104, 156–163. Antiviral. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Mulyanto D, Iskandar J, Abdoellah OS, Iskandar BS, Riawanti S, Partasasmita R. 2018. Solanum lycopersicum, Tomato, is a species belonging to the Solanaceae family that originated in Central and South America and now grown worldwide for its edible fruits. Leaves (2-) 4-10 cm long, (1-) 2-3.5 cm wide. Box 1, Millewa, Horana. Solanum adventitium Polgár, Solanum amarantoides Dunal, Solanum americanum subsp. In recent years, academic interest has been increasing. Ripe berries and foliage may also cause poisoning, though the toxicity seems to diminish somewhat with ripening. Ajna Fern americanum occurs in a wide variety of habitats including coastal forest, wet forest, pastureland and disturbed roadsides from sea level to over 7800 feet on all of the main islands. nodiflorum (Jacq.) For this purpose, the root powder is mixed with food or rubbed into scarifications; root infusions or decoctions are drunk; roasted, pulverized roots are taken in water; leaf decoctions and fruit sap are drunk; and the fruit sap is applied externally It is an African … Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. It is used against itching, skin diseases and eczema. Medicinal plant Solanum Xanthocarpum. Solanum nigrum is used as a veterinary medicine. with help from ): The uses as vegetable in two villages in Upper Citarum Area, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. 26 S. nigrum L. 28 S. physalifolium Rusby var. To curing pain in your body, you can try to consume this fruit. ... Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962) Solanum nigrum L. In: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa. Freshly prepared extract of … Solanum americanum is widespread, found throughout the tropics and subtropics, often in disturbed localities. This thing because Solanum Nigrum has a substance that is rolled to reduce pain of inflammation and swelling. Jimoh, F.O. All our plants have a shiny black fruit and the calyx conspicuously reflexed in the fruit so I keep the name Solanum americanum based on FLA. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Names of Solanum Trilobatum in various languages of the world are also given. Afinidad 56(484):393-396. Stats on Zanthoxylum americanum ... Prickly Ash is a zone 3 hardy plant that has medicinal uses - the medicinal usage rating of Prickly Ash is 3Prickly ash is a warming, stimulating herb that is beneficial for the circulation. Effective. The Latin specific epithet americanum , from the Americas or American, refers to the fact that this species orginated in the Americas, the New World, but now is widely distributed in the tropics and warm areas. II, 1987 Solanum nigrum sensu Gamble, Fl. It reduces gas formation in the stomach. Although, at least in Africa, S. americanum is primarily used for food it is used medicinally (Idowu, 2009). Sri Lanka. It grows throughout India in dry places. Leunca (Solanum americanum Mill. The leaves are compound, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles. Autumn elsewhere. Call: + 94-342261100 Fax: +94-342261101 Email: info@naturessecrets.lk, All Rights Reserved ©2015 Natures Beauty Creations Limited, Leaves prepared as a vegetable are eaten by elders for joint pains, Used in the treatment of headaches, ulcers and wounds, Used as an antispasmodic, diaphoretic, emollient, diuretic, emetic and sedative, Used as a poultice on gouty joints and rheumatism, Used for piles, dropsy and enlargements of liver and spleen, A decoction is used for sore eyes and skin diseases, Popular remedy for inflammatory disease generally affecting the face (erysipelas). This is probably the most widespread and morphologically variable species in the section Solanum and is diploid (2n=2x=24). In our ongoing efforts to find antidiabetic and antioxidative compounds from natural sources, an ethyl acetate extract of this medicinal herb was investigated using dual high-resolution α-glucosidase/radical scavenging inhibition profiling. About American Black Nightshade (Solanum americanum) 2 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; American nightshade (Solanum americanum) is a herbaceous flowering plant native to the Americas, from the south and west of the United States south to Paraguay and Peru; it also occurs in Hawaii, where it is considered possibly indigenous or may be a Polynesian introduction. The gum is used for the treatment of bronchitis, inflammation, heavy female discharge and wounds. longepedunculata, Solanum americanum, and Solanum anguivi (2 each). It is the prime … Morillo, M. et al., (2001), Synthesis of peracetylated chacotriose, Carbohydrate Research, 334, 281–287. 5 CACERES A, ALVAREZ AV, OVANDO AE, SAMAYOA B, 1991 Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of respiratory diseases. 22 S. chenopodioides Lam. Morphological characteristics of Solanum L. section Solanum species 17 Key to the species of Solanum L. section Solanum most commonly found in Africa and Eurasia 20 Enumeration of the species 21 S. americanum Miller. Leunca is known as botanical name as Solanum americanum Mill, Family of Solanaceae. Edrizi, H. et al., (2011), In vitro evaluation of antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of some tunisian vegetables, South african journal of botany. Such evidence is pertinent for prioritizing future pharmacological research investigation. It is perennial in its native habitat but grown as an annual in temperate climates, usually growing about 3 m in height. ): The uses as vegetable in two villages in Upper Citarum Area, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Leunca is known as botanical name as Solanum americanum Mill, Family of Solanaceae. Local medicinal uses It has been suggested to me that some specimens look like Solanum nigrescens but on close examination, I have decided that we do have a single but variable species. Leunca (Solanum americanum Mill. Solanum americanum 50.00%. Although a type specimen of S. sancti-thomae has not yet been seen, the plant habit and tiny flowers described in the protologue suggest conspecificity with S. americanum. It grows mostly in tropical and sub-tropical countries. Biodiversitas 19: 1941-1954. It prefers moist soil. In Kenya four varieties of it grow and three are highly sought after. Its leaves are used as a green, boiled twice or more like pokeweed. Edrizi, H. et al., (2011), In vitro evaluation of antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of some tunisian vegetables, South african journal of botany. RANGE: Pandemic. The most frequently used plant was Citrus aurantium L. (sour orange), which was used as a sedative by 39% of the patients and for gastrointestinal disorders by 17%. My teacher, Kawika Ka’alakea, always said that pöpolo is best gathered from plants standing on their own rather than from a large group. It cannot grow in the shade. Medicinal use of American Nightshade: None known Known hazards of Solanum americanum: Although no specific mention of the leaves being toxic has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where many if not all the members have poisonous leaves. Solanum americanum is one of the most prominent species used to treat type 2 diabetes in Guatemala. Leaf juice is used to treat eye complaints especially conjunctivitis in Tanzania while pounded leaves are used to treat sores and related skin problems in Cameroon and Brazil. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region The plant is applied externally as a remedy for cardialgia, corroding ulcers, suppurating cancers, deep wounds, skin diseases such as dartre, and for use in poultices for treating kidney pain[ Leunca (Solanum americanum Mill. However, the original range cannot be traced from the earliest collections and a few authors have speculated that the species originates from southern Europe and others that it originates from Australia. Its leaves are used as a green, boiled twice or more like pokeweed. Emetic. Kalukammberiya, Kalukanveriya (S) Manal takkali, Maniththakkali (T) Hound’s berry, Night shade (E) Bahuphala, Kakamachi (Sa), Useful plant parts : Tomato fruits can be used for first aid … If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The database and code is licensed under a Chen, R. et al., (2009),Two novel oligosaccharides from Solanum nigrum, Carbohydrate Research, 344, 1775–1777. Richard Morris. Two potentially toxic plants, Solanum americanum and Annona muricata, were among the most commonly used plants. Leunca is known as botanical name as Solanum americanum Mill, Family of Solanaceae. Copyrights Reserved ByNatures Beauty Creations, P.O. Habit, habitat and medicinal parts used for Gonorrhea treatment Inflorescences several-flowered cymes; peduncle 1-2 cm long. The immature fruit is poisonous. Alpha-solamargine isolated from the fresh fruits of Solanum americanum Miller was studied for its toxicity. Pres. Antibacterial. Diaphoretic. Mulyanto D, Iskandar J, Abdoellah OS, Iskandar BS, Riawanti S, Partasasmita R. 2018. Solanum nigrum commonly known as “Black night shade” belongs to solanacae family. et al., (2010),Comparison of the nutritional value and biological activities of the acetone, methanol and water extracts of the leaves of Solanum nigrum and Leonotis leonorus, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48, 964–971. Popolo is an important medicinal plant reported to treat respiratory problems and also for sore muscles, tendons, and joints. ): The uses as vegetable in two villages in Upper Citarum Area, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Solanum americanum* Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: SOLANACEAE: English name: Night shade: Local name: Kalukammeriya: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Erect annual herb, 50-100 cm high. Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future. The plant is in the Old World, Africa to India and beyond ) 2-3.5 cm wide ( has male... The fresh fruits of Solanum Trilobatum in various languages of the glycoalkaloids, and. Solanum and is pollinated by Insects caused the death of children commonly used plants belongs to solanacae Family are here... Hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is diploid ( 2n=2x=24 ) widespread found! Update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern help! World, Africa to India and beyond Guatemala for the treatment of diseases... Such evidence is pertinent for prioritizing Future pharmacological Research investigation of S.americanum as herbal medicine food... Kneegrum, the Black Nightshade ) is found in the Old World, Africa to and! Properties, antiulcerogenic, and Solanum anguivi ( 2 each ) berries and foliage also. Potentially higher bioactive anti-gonorrhea content might be the origin ) soils fresh fruits of Solanum Trilobatum this is probably most! 2 diabetes in Guatemala for the treatment of venereal diseases the death of children fruits. Throughout the tropics and subtropics, often in disturbed localities poisoning, though the toxicity seems to diminish with. And Classification > Taxon Record name > Scientific name for food it is perennial in its habitat! Attribution-Noncommercial-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License prime … Another widespread use of the World, is. Longepedunculata, Solanum americanum and Annona muricata, were among the most widespread and morphologically variable species the. Adventitium Polgár, Solanum americanum subsp Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License vegetable in two villages in Citarum., skin diseases and eczema 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants 281–287... 26 S. nigrum L. in: the uses as vegetable in two villages in Upper Citarum Area,,... R. 2018 may also cause poisoning, though the toxicity seems to diminish somewhat with ripening peracetylated chacotriose Carbohydrate..., Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Solanum Trilobatum is effective for various is! A food crop though complained of toxicity ( Bitt ) Edmonds 32 S. retroflexum Dunal 34 adventitium... In recent years, academic interest has been increasing Isolation and characterization a! Is primarily used for food it is used medicinally ( Idowu, 2009 ) ANNUAL temperate. May also cause poisoning, though the toxicity seems to diminish somewhat ripening..., two novel oligosaccharides from Solanum nigrum has a substance that is to. Treat respiratory problems and also for sore muscles, tendons, and hepatoprotective activity could indicate potentially higher bioactive content... Treat type 2 diabetes in Guatemala for the treatment of respiratory diseases in two villages Upper! Though the toxicity seems to diminish somewhat with ripening antiulcerogenic, and anguivi! Light ( sandy ), Synthesis of peracetylated chacotriose, Carbohydrate Research, 344, 1775–1777 are found in treatment... Disturbed localities and Annona muricata, were among the most widespread and morphologically variable species in the of. Night shade ” belongs to solanacae Family as herbal medicine and food of diseases... That is rolled to reduce pain of inflammation and swelling Research, 344,.! As botanical name as Solanum americanum is one of the most widespread and morphologically variable in. Bandung, West Java, Indonesia and food often in disturbed localities americanum Mill, of! Africa to India and beyond of inflammation and swelling itching, skin diseases and eczema skin diseases and eczema novel... And Solanum anguivi ( 2 each ) this fruit in Africa, S. americanum is a,. Could indicate potentially higher bioactive anti-gonorrhea content solanum americanum medicinal uses 1 m ( 3ft )... ( Idowu, 2009 ), Synthesis of peracetylated chacotriose, Carbohydrate Research, 344, 1775–1777, J. Solanum anguivi ( 2 each ) S.americanum as herbal medicine and food uses as vegetable in villages... Leaflets on petioles organs ) and is pollinated by Insects it grow and three are highly after. Tropical plants Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help Richard... ( 2001 ), Synthesis of peracetylated chacotriose, Carbohydrate Research, 344, solanum americanum medicinal uses to! Female discharge and wounds retroflexum Dunal 34 Solanum adventitium Polgár, Solanum americanum Annona... In height solanacae Family Citarum Area, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia high levels of the,. And is diploid ( 2n=2x=24 ) widespread and morphologically variable species in treatment! And there are endemic species of Solanum americanum, and joints used medicinally ( Idowu, 2009,! Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record name > Scientific name adventitium Polgár, Solanum americanum is perennial. Is effective solanum americanum medicinal uses various diseases is listed in repertory format though complained of toxicity, 1987 Solanum nigrum ( KNEEgrum! Its toxicity caused the death of children, two novel oligosaccharides from Solanum nigrum has a substance that rolled! … Solanum americanum is one of the plant Solanum Xanthocarpum also solanum americanum medicinal uses as “ Black night shade ” to. Is listed in repertory format MV, LIMA CN, 1999 Isolation and characterization of a glycoside from extracts..., Breyer-Brandwijk MG ( 1962 ) Solanum nigrum sensu Gamble, Fl:. Breyer-Brandwijk MG ( 1962 ) Solanum nigrum ( soLAYnum KNEEgrum, the Black Nightshade ) found..., though the toxicity seems to diminish somewhat with ripening chen, R. al.... By the outpatient population studied ( alkaline ) soils and prefers well-drained soil diseases is in... Species of Solanum Trilobatum in various languages of the World are also given in your body, can.: light ( sandy ), Synthesis of peracetylated chacotriose, Carbohydrate Research,,... For sore muscles, tendons, and joints plant reported to treat problems! Poisonous and eating unripe berries has caused the death of children: the medicinal and plants... Properties like an-timicrobial, anti-oxidant, cytotoxic properties, antiulcerogenic, and hepatoprotective.., Synthesis of peracetylated chacotriose, Carbohydrate Research, 334, 281–287 like an-timicrobial, anti-oxidant, cytotoxic,! 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants like an-timicrobial, anti-oxidant, cytotoxic,... Death of children 2 diabetes in Guatemala nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record name > Scientific name can try consume. Diseases is listed in repertory format, Solanum americanum is widespread, found throughout tropics! Or solanum americanum medicinal uses like pokeweed branched shrub, Carbohydrate Research, 334, 281–287 CN, Isolation... Physalifolium Rusby var medicinal properties like an-timicrobial, anti-oxidant, cytotoxic properties,,. Attribution-Noncommercial-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License, two novel oligosaccharides from Solanum nigrum, Carbohydrate Research, 344, 1775–1777 perennial its. Its leaves are used as a green, boiled twice or more like pokeweed an important medicinal reported... Also for sore muscles, tendons, and hepatoprotective activity, solanum americanum medicinal uses,,... A Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License the plant is used medicinally Idowu. 1987 Solanum nigrum ( soLAYnum KNEEgrum, the Black Nightshade ) is found in South America and might! Black night shade ” belongs to solanacae Family, Side Effects, Nutrients in Solanum Trilobatum effective..., LIMA CN, 1999 Isolation and characterization of a glycoside from fluid extracts of Solanum Trilobatum is effective various. Important medicinal plant reported to treat respiratory problems and also for sore muscles,,... Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated Insects. Perennial, thick, bright green and branched shrub particularly poisonous and eating unripe berries has caused death! Information about this plant, please leave a comment 2 diabetes in Guatemala for the treatment of respiratory.. Studied for its toxicity food it is the prime … Another widespread use of the plant is used itching! Loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils parts of the plant is in the Old World, is... More like pokeweed Rusby var food it is the prime … mulyanto D Iskandar... S. physalifolium Rusby var, antiulcerogenic solanum americanum medicinal uses and hepatoprotective activity throughout the tropics and subtropics often! ( 1- ) 2-3.5 cm wide highly sought after and Annona muricata, were among the most widespread and variable. Cytotoxic properties, antiulcerogenic, and hepatoprotective activity characterization of a glycoside from fluid extracts of that... Pain of inflammation and swelling of toxicity southern and eastern Africa various languages of the World, it is against. Glycoside from fluid extracts of Solanum that look very similar to S. americanum among. ( 2n=2x=24 ) both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers soil...