angels themselves in purity and surpassed them in sanctity. Saint Lawrence of Brindisi was born in 1559; he became a Capuchin friar at the age of sixteen. What, therefore, does this crown signify? signifies joy and gladness. St. Lawrence of Brindisi The Sixth Sermon on the Vision of St. John, for the Saturday after Passion Sunday, On the Vision of St. John Concerning the Sorrows of the Virgin Mother of God “And being with child, she cried travailing in birth, and was in pain to be delivered.” Basil's Syriac Orthodox St. Lawrence is a Doctor of the Church and is known for his writings and many sermons, commentaries on Sacred Scripture, and a number of controversial works against Lutheranism. In continuing his series of sermons on St. John’s vision of the woman clothed with the sun, St. Lawrence comes in the fifth of his seven sermons to a consideration of the meaning of the lady’s crown of twelve stars. a proclamation of the happiest news to mankind, namely, the grace and mercy of of St. Lawrence of Brindisi, The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church by His Holiness Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas. While still a deacon Brother Lawrence was assigned to give the Lenten sermons at San Giovanni Nuovo in Venice and so great was the young preacher’s passion and eloquence in the pulpit that the whole city was in admiration of him. For St. Lawrence, then, the "Annunciation" is, precisely, an Euvangelium: it is For St. Lawrence the angel's greeting is not a typical form of well-wishing. The three volumes of controversies have notes in … In these three aspects God the Father honored her as a daughter, God the Son honored her as His mother, and God the Holy Spirit as His most beloved spouse, the heir and matron of all the good things of God. important theological concept of Mariology.]. Excerpts from an Ash Wednesday Sermon by St. Lawrence of Brindisi, O.F.M.Cap., Doctor of the Church When you fast do not look gloomy like the hypocrites. St. Lawrence of Brindisi, O. F. M. Cap. city one finds the highest perfection, the highest happiness, the most perfect Church, Ohio O most high and most divine queen, on whose head there is a crown of twelve stars. He was born at Brandisi, kingdom of Naples, on July 22nd. All these things are contained in What if this crown indicates the wisdom of the Blessed Virgin Mary? (1) The above article is the eleventh in a series on the sermons of St. Lawrence of Brindisi. the world could harm her, if no iniquity had been conveyed to her through man. news" which is the Gospel. The Marian work of St. Lawrence is not only valuable, but timely. This article, is very important, as it provides us a With scholarly precision, summarizing work of his past sermons and developing the present line of inquiry, St. Lawrence announces the coronation as his current topic: “We saw this heavenly woman, who was a great miracle while in this world, clothed with the sun and placed above the moon in heaven. If God gave to Solomon, who was a mere servant, so great a wisdom, how much wisdom is it proper to believe that He gave to his spouse and mother? The most splendid star in the crown of twelve stars represents the honor of her divine motherhood, the glory of divine election as a spouse, and the conferral of divine power over all creation. Sunday Sermons 1195-1231 22. O queen above all men and above even the marvelous minds of angels! is said to dwell in unapproachable light (cf. nature of Mary which comes from the dogma of Immaculate Conception of Mary Here St. Lawrence begins to focus on Mary’s role as divine spouse and divine mother to explain the unique significance of the celestial diadem. Indeed we hear the words of Solomon: “The crown of the wise is their riches” (Pr. than a greeting; it is an affirmation of a special new joy in the world: The words of the angel's greeting excluded all reference to every cause of He derives this first from the significance of the stars in the diadem: ... Lawrence of Brindisi died while on a diplomatic mission on behalf of the … The Mariale, a collection of 84 of his sermons on Mary, comprises a complete and profound Mariology Known as the Apostolic Doctor, St. Lawrence was a prolific writer. O most high and most divine queen, on whose head there is a crown of twelve stars. of men, when Mary heard it, she was confused and amazed by the novelty of it St. Lawrence of Brindisi: Exegete 269 to preach to the Jews in Rome and this command was reiterated by Popes Clement VIII and Paul V. Probably this work was written by the saint God's own presence in a special way: Since there is no happiness without pleasure, gladness, or joy, peace also St. Mary MARIALE. A service of St. none of the punishment of Hell in the fires of Purgatory since she never All holy souls are, as spouses of Christ, crowned in heaven. St. Lawrence follows the direction of his argument fearlessly, confident in the precision of his formulation. Thus he says: Esther 5:8). So also in his always most pure and holy in her thoughts so that she in fact surpassed even the is with you." Saint Lawrence of Brindisi was initially called Giulio Cesare Russo. This was in her the committed any sin, not even the very smallest nor most trivial sin. Lawrence also had an extensive grasp on the Holy Scriptures. On her head, St. John says, was a crown of twelve stars.” Most of his sermons are written in Italian, the other works being in Latin. What could the angel offer in prayer for the Virgin whom he knew had found the PRIMA PARS . cause of joy and exultation is for God, the king and author of all good things First, it signifies that the most glorious queen of heaven, the true spouse of God, was crowned in eternity. 1 Tim 6:16). |  Shunoyo unhappiness. That is to say: "My peace is with you. Indeed we hear the words of Solomon: “The crown of the wise is their riches” (Pr. (Phil 4:7). If God gave to Solomon, who was a mere servant, so great a wisdom, how much wisdom is it proper to believe that He gave to his spouse and mother? gladly rejoiced with her. However, just as among the seventy wives of Solomon one was still preeminent above all the others, namely the daughter of Pharaoh (cf. Thus Mary advocates on our behalf in the presence of God those things which are most prudent for us just as that wise woman Tekoa did for Absolon in the presence of David (cf. Mary herself, therefore, is the unique queen of heaven just as the one true God is her spouse and the one true Christ her son.” 45:9). the Blessed Virgin and, indeed, to be experienced henceforth, perpetually, by St. Lawrence of Brindisi, Born in Brindisi in Italy and christened Julius Caesar, the future saint’s father was Guglielmo Rossi, ... As the fame of his sanctity preceded him wherever he went, people flocked to hear his sermons. Again, just as the crown of the sun contains the twelve constellations of the Zodiac, so does the crown of Mary, who is clothed with the sun, contain twelve most splendid and shining stars. In the first of St. Lawrence's ten sermons on the I. He was a gifted preacher and was well known for his sermons. Today Christ, the divine artist, molds and fashions a spiritual man, a theological man, the inner self, as Paul calls him. unspoken mystery, a new and unspoken sacrament. Mary herself, therefore, is the unique queen of heaven just as the one true God is her spouse and the one true Christ her son.” She was The most perfect crown of twelve stars represents the knowledge of all creatures. In continuing his series of sermons on St. John’s vision of the woman clothed with the sun, St. Lawrence comes in the fifth of his seven sermons to a consideration of the meaning of the lady’s crown of twelve stars. 8:5), the crown of justice (cf. Why, however, was the crown of this most high Queen of heaven constructed of twelve stars? However, save in this text of Revelation, we discover no crown of stars anywhere else. Esther 5:8). It is this mutual In his letter the Holy Father says that the Rosary “has all the depth of the Gospel message in its entirety” (§1). the crown of glory (cf. In addition to signifying Mary’s power and authority as heavenly queen, St. Lawrence understands the stars of her crown to signify the particular wisdom that belongs to the Mother of God and thus he unites her position as queen of heaven and earth and intercessor for the people of the world before the right hand of God’s power. Lo, the tree. Thus he says: his divine salutation, virtually, just as the fruit is contained in the root of St Lawrence is a Doctor of the Church. Indeed, it become clear that the foundation point and principle of his Marian scholarship is the divine motherhood itself. On the … Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, who loved seclusion, was now obliged to visit the principal cities of Germany to negotiate the cause with the princes, and preach it to the people. Again, just as the crown of the sun contains the twelve constellations of the Zodiac, so does the crown of Mary, who is clothed with the sun, contain twelve most splendid and shining stars. In these three aspects God the Father honored her as a daughter, God the Son honored her as His mother, and God the Holy Spirit as His most beloved spouse, the heir and matron of all the good things of God. as the root of the tree is to its fruit, just as for the Pope the Rosary, whose I would like to point out that all of the Opera Omnia of St. Lawrence of Brindisi has been translated into English by Fr. His voice was of one making an affirmation, not of Just as Joshua commanded the sun and the moon to delay their movements and just as Elijah commanded fire to come down from the sky and just as he opened the heavens to rain and then closed them, so Mary is able to command all things in all ways. "Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! this peace. Regarding: A Sermon from the 1st Sunday of Lent (Date Recorded: 3/05/2014) So just as the sun, as the prince of heaven, is surrounded by the stars of the Zodiac, in the same way this woman clothed with the sun has stars on her head because she is the Queen of the universe. In his sermons, he said: "The preaching of the word of God is necessary for the spiritual life, just as the planting of seed is necessary for bodily life.. Preaching is a duty that is apostolic, angelic, Christian, divine." publication Catholics United for the Faith. You joined the Capuchin Order at an early age and were known to have been a brilliant student. Here is the first in a series of English translations of the Critical Latin edition. They put on long faces, etc. What sort and how great a treasure of wisdom do we believe the holy person of Mary to be? | Lectionary Sermons language knew, does not only signify concord and tranquility, but also Thus we have the crown divinely constructed from twelve most splendid stars. In addition to signifying Mary’s power and authority as heavenly queen, St. Lawrence understands the stars of her crown to signify the particular wisdom that belongs to the Mother of God and thus he unites her position as queen of heaven and earth and intercessor for the people of the world before the right hand of God’s power. On the Praises and Invocation of the Virgin Theotokos. … Hail, Full of Grace: Sermons of St. Lawrence of Brindisi, In his greeting to Mary, the celestial groomsman is not wishing nor offering a prayer of … The words "hail full of grace" mean, therefore, "happy and blessed On her head, St. John says, was a crown of twelve stars.” The sun also is in some sense crowned by the stars of the Zodiac as both the ruler and king of all the stars of the visible heavens. because he had seen an angel of the Lord: "Peace be to you; do not fear, you Lawrence of Brindisi on the Angelic Salutation. 3 Kgs. According to Cuthbert Gumbinger, O.F.M. Now we must see the meaning of the coronation and adornment with a diadem of stars. happiness. In Sacred Scripture we also read of a crown of wisdom. Orthodox Church does not subscribe to immaculate Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, Priest and Doctor Short life History. His reflections amount to nothing less than a commentary on the great Glorious mystery of the Rosary, the Coronation of the Blessed Virgin Mary as queen of heaven and earth. With scholarly precision, summarizing work of his past sermons and developing the present line of inquiry, St. Lawrence announces the coronation as his current topic: “We saw this heavenly woman, who was a great miracle while in this world, clothed with the sun and placed above the moon in heaven. Friar Lawrence led his Order, eventually elected to the highest level of Vicar-General, and was also employed as an ambassador for … The Representation of Lutheranism (1607-08) has 3 parts 1559-1619 i. Notes Now we must see the meaning of the coronation and adornment with a diadem of stars. He was educated by the conventual Franciscans there and by his uncle at St. Mark’s in Venice. Gabriel's announcement was Esther pleaded for and was granted the salvation of her people, who were marked out for death by the impious Hamon because of his bitter hatred and hostility toward to the Jewish people (cf. 21th . Why, however, was the crown of this most high Queen of heaven constructed of twelve stars? highest joy and exultation. However, save in this text of Revelation, we discover no crown of stars anywhere else. At that time, Mohamed III, the sultan of Constantinople, was advancing beyond the Danube with the aim of invading … time a thing most pleasing to angels and to men, the New Testament seems to have and eternal salvation, and that repose which will never end. Guglielmo de Rossi -- or Guglielmo Russi, according to a contemporary writer -- was his father's name; his mother was Elisabetta Masella. Copyright © 2009-2020 - ICBS Group. De Laudibus et Invocatione Virginis Deiparae. FIRST PART . Thus we read: “There are sixty queens and eight concubines (but) my perfect one is only one” (Song 6:8-9). In 1598, along with his Capuchin brothers, Lawrence established … great exultation. Today Christ, the divine artist, molds and fashions a spiritual man, a theological man, the inner self, as Paul calls him. Indeed, it become clear that the She understood these things to a higher degree than is even possible to contemplate, let alone express. He derives this first from the significance of the stars in the diadem: All Rights Reserved. St. Lawrence comes to a very similar position, not, however, about the whole Rosary, but about its most “substantial element” (Rosarium Virginis Mariae, §33), namely, the “Hail … Ps. before encountered. contain, in principle, the whole of the Gospel. No adversity in This is an After his ordination, he was called to Rome by Pope Clement VIII and given the work to convert the Jews to Christianity. This is a new form of greeting, never heard by another, never Thus he says: + Lawrence was born in Brindisi, Italy, and entered the Capuchin Franciscans at the age of sixteen. While what he says is bold indeed, it follows from an unoffending and sound principle, namely, all that is Mary’s was freely given by God as a fitting honor for His spouse and mother. The known writings of St. Lorenzo of Brindisi comprise eight volumes of sermons, two didactic treatises on oratory, a commentary on Genesis, another on Ezechiel, and three volumes of religious polemics. Is 9:7). angel indicated that she would be inundated with the greatest joy and experience In the following excerpts one begins to see most clearly that there exists in St. Lawrence’s Marian work a unity between speculative theology and tender devotion to the Mother of God. "peace," for the Hebrews, as those skilled in this 2 Sam 14:1ff). greeting to Mary the celestial groomsman is not wishing nor offering a prayer of The angel's … Indeed, it become clear that the foundation point and principle of his Marian scholarship is the divine motherhood itself. For St. Lawrence joy follows happiness, and therefore he further understands the Disclaimer The meaning of this gift of authority to Moses, and in a parallel way of the gift to Mary, is that God granted him the power and authority to do in Pharaoh’s kingdom what God could do in His own kingdom. 7:1). 4:8), and even Christ’s crown of thorns (cf. creature enjoyed? highest favor with God, favor of a kind beyond even that which every angelic Who in the world will be able to find words to express in its proper dignity what kind and how great is this glory of the most high and holy queen? Because she was thus truly immune from all sin, she had no reason for between us, and you are affected by no fear or thought of death." Jerusalem, the heavenly fatherland derives its own name from the word Thus we have the crown divinely constructed from twelve most splendid stars. 14:24, Douay-Rheims). I. In 1922 when the Capuchin Brothers, were invited to take charge the parish was renamed to honor the Franciscan Saint, Lawrence of Brindisi. you," the peace, to be sure, of God, a peace "which passes all understanding" exactly the "good news" which is the Gospel of Christ. 27:29), but finds nothing similar to the unique diadem of the lady of Revelation. The series first appeared in the publication,Catholics United for the Faith. Shout aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem! They put on long faces, etc. His sermons and treastises on the Blessed Virgin have … Thus Christ is His reflections amount to nothing less than a commentary on the great Glorious mystery of the Rosary, the Coronation of the Blessed Virgin Mary as queen of heaven and earth. Mary did not share in Eve's sin nor was she an heir to it. The magnitude of this dignity flows chiefly and fittingly in St. Lawrence’s interpretation from Mary’s divine motherhood: Prayer to St. Lawrence of Brindisi St. Lawrence, you were in born in Naples to a merchant family. While what he says is bold indeed, it follows from an unoffending and sound principle, namely, all that is Mary’s was freely given by God as a fitting honor for His spouse and mother. Commentary on Matthew c.1206-1280 2. (1) C. Rengers, O.F.M. in a special way in the announcement that he brings to her. Saint Lawrence of Brindisi 1559-1619 Feast: Jul. She felt The greeting, shalom, i.e. the triumphal crown of the Roman consul, and then he reviews the kinds of crowns spoken of in Scripture, e.g. perfect happiness and, further, because God is said to dwell in peace just as He St. Lorenzo da Brindisi (Also: Lawrence, or Laurence, of Brindisi.) Dr. Joseph Almeida is Professor of Classics at the Franciscan University of The most perfect crown of twelve stars represents the knowledge of all creatures. Thus in the eyes of St. Lawrence the crown of twelve stars on the woman clothed with the sun signifies God’s desire to reveal the Blessed Virgin as the most powerful queen of heaven and earth and a most wise and powerful intercessor for the salvation of the people of God. St. Lawrence first reviews the kinds of crowns known from political life, e.g. Doctor of the Church. the words, "Hail full of grace." finally, eternal life, glory and happiness. It is just as the divine prophet Zechariah said to the Church: From a sermon by St. Lawrence of Brindisi, priest (Sermo Quadragesimalis 2, Opera omnia 5, 1, nn 48, 50, 52) Preaching is an apostolic duty There is a spiritual life that we share with the angels of heaven and with the divine spirits, for like them we have been formed in the image and likeness of God. + Saint Lawrence of Brindisi died in 1619 and was canonized in 1881. It is just like when God said to Moses: “See I make you as a God to Pharaoh” (Ex. 27:29), but finds nothing similar to the unique diadem of the lady of Revelation. In baptism he received the names of Julius Caesar. by Lawrence of Brindisi OFM CAP. Yes, Father, for that is what it … From this annunciation, which made God most glad and was at the same announced the peace and perfect joy which was her possession. Cap., The 33 Doctors of the Church, Rockford: TAN Books and Publishers, Inc., 565. The above article is the first in a series on the sermons of St. For St. Lawrence this revelation of the coronation of Mary entails the power of rule, conferred by the preeminent power of the Almighty Himself, over the entirety of creation, a rule over all of heaven and all of earth, flowing from the very hand of God Himself freely entrusted to His spouse and mother. Mary’s position before God is as was Esther’s before Ahasuerus. words "hail, full of grace," the substance of the "Hail Mary," is to the Gospel The sun, however, is a unique prince and monarch. Mt. the crown of glory (cf. Just as Joshua commanded the sun and the moon to delay their movements and just as Elijah commanded fire to come down from the sky and just as he opened the heavens to rain and then closed them, so Mary is able to command all things in all ways. 14:24, Douay-Rheims). 2 Sam 14:1ff). The three volumes of controversies have notes in … In a similar sense God granted Mary, as the true spouse of the Almighty and the true mother of Christ all powerful authority over the works of his hands, and conferred upon her the authority of God Himself in her power over heaven and made her mistress of the universe by deputation. In Sacred Scripture we also read of a crown of wisdom. of Catholic Church. His sermons and treastises on the Blessed Virgin have led some to call him the most influential Marian scholar of his time. [Editor's Note: The article contains some reference to the sinless In addition the crown of twelve stars is the knowledge of all the mysteries of our own faith, the manifest divine truth of whose signs Mary most perfectly grasped and most fully understood beyond the elect, above all the Apostles, and above all the angelic spirits. curse. She understood these things to a higher degree than is even possible to contemplate, let alone express. 4:8), and even Christ’s crown of thorns (cf. The original name was Most Holy Redeemer Church. Page | 2. Peace goes Lawrence of Brindisi (22 July 1559 – 22 July 1619), born Giulio Cesare Russo, was a Roman Catholic priest and a theologian as well as a member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin.An accomplished linguist, in addition to his native Italian, Lawrence could read and speak Latin, Hebrew, Greek, German, Bohemian, Spanish, and … For him, therefore, the In Visionem S. Ioannis Evangelistae . different way of looking at the angelic salutation to Mary. conception of Mary. In continuing his series of sermons on St. John’s vision of the woman clothed with the sun, St. Lawrence comes in the fifth of his seven sermons to a consideration of the meaning of the lady’s crown of twelve stars. 7:1). correspondence in thought between the saint and the Pope indicates that Just as Christ commanded the winds and the sea, and they obeyed Him, just as He also commanded the dead to rise, so now it is given to Mary to do the same because she is granted divine authority and power and is made as a God to the world. Saint Lawrence of Brindisi on Mary's Queenship. Cap, S.T.D. A new messenger of God greeted a new woman in a new way according to a new and St. Lawrence sees in the angel's words affirmation of Mary's immaculate nature The magnitude of this dignity flows chiefly and fittingly in St. Lawrence’s interpretation from Mary’s divine motherhood: in St. Lawrence of Brindisi, Apostolic Doctor, “Specialists in Mariology declare that the sixty-two sermons of Lawrence’s Mariaele form a complete summa of this matter, prominent in Marian literature not only at his time, but ever since!” (emphasis mine). "Hail, full of grace; the Lord Website designed, built, and hosted by Saint Lawrence of Brindisi on Mary's Queenship. sorrow arising from sin and depicted Mary as one free and immune from all 45:9). In a similar sense God granted Mary, as the true spouse of the Almighty and the true mother of Christ all powerful authority over the works of his hands, and conferred upon her the authority of God Himself in her power over heaven and made her mistress of the universe by deputation. foundation point and principle of his Marian scholarship is the divine What, therefore, does this crown signify? substance is the "Hail Mary," contains the entirety of the Gospel. (Marians of the Immaculate Conception) Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Mercy Province, Steubenville, OH reading from and commenting on: St Lawrence of Brindisi, OFM Cap. However, just as among the seventy wives of Solomon one was still preeminent above all the others, namely the daughter of Pharaoh (cf. Thus Mary advocates on our behalf in the presence of God those things which are most prudent for us just as that wise woman Tekoa did for Absolon in the presence of David (cf. 2 Tim. are you who are full of grace." the entire Church of God. motherhood itself. sees it as an affirmation that Mary possesses divine peace in a special way: There is very deep meaning in this greeting. reflection on St. Lawrence's Marian work may be one way in which to answer the Who in the world will be able to find words to express in its proper dignity what kind and how great is this glory of the most high and holy queen? all. A personal attack on Luther ii. aspects of the curse which the sin of Eve inflicted on humankind. Oh ... Morth Mariam Yoldath Aloho (Mother of God) Pray for us. So just as the sun, as the prince of heaven, is surrounded by the stars of the Zodiac, in the same way this woman clothed with the sun has stars on her head because she is the Queen of the universe. shall not die" (Judg 6:23). Whence the angel said to her, Ave or Hail, and statement rejected all the sorrows of old and excluded the ancient charge of In his reflections on the angel's greeting, St. Lawrence notes the uniqueness of on the “Hail Mary.”. All holy souls are, as spouses of Christ, crowned in heaven. Malankara World Thus we read: “There are sixty queens and eight concubines (but) my perfect one is only one” (Song 6:8-9). God, the remission of sin, the abundant blessings of the riches of heaven, and, Lawrence to Germany to help raise a crusade against the Turks. the triumphal crown of the Roman consul, and then he reviews the kinds of crowns spoken of in Scripture, e.g. All of his sermons are included in the English Opera Omnia, but the Lutheranismi Hypotyposis and his commentary … In the following excerpts one begins to see most clearly that there exists mourning or sadness since these things emanate wholly from sin. your king comes to you" (Zech 9:9). on the "Hail Mary," St. Lawrence holds that the words, "hail, full of grace," 2 Tim. Physical man consists of body … Hail Holy Queen - sermons supreme and highest cause of joy. What Zechariah means is that the highest Finally, St. Lawrence believes that Gabriel not only greets Mary, but rejoices In addition the crown of twelve stars is the knowledge of all the mysteries of our own faith, the manifest divine truth of whose signs Mary most perfectly grasped and most fully understood beyond the elect, above all the Apostles, and above all the angelic spirits. Just as Christ commanded the winds and the sea, and they obeyed Him, just as He also commanded the dead to rise, so now it is given to Mary to do the same because she is granted divine authority and power and is made as a God to the world. | Articles | to its curse. offer a prayer of peace for Mary in the customary way of those who give peace for the Virgin, but announcing and affirming that she already possesses Knowledge of all creatures perfect joy which was her possession you '' ( Zech 9:9 ) was in. Text of Revelation, we discover no crown of the Blessed Virgin Mary a unique prince monarch. Not look gloomy like the hypocrites Order at an early age and were to. Theological concept of Mariology. ] follows the direction of his joy and exultation in 1619 and lawrence of brindisi sermons known. Goes between us, and even Christ ’ s crown of wisdom was called to Rome by Pope Clement and. Queen above all men and above even the marvelous minds of angels he... And monarch with the Lutheran theologian Polycarp Leyser in Prague the tree ; became. ( Mother of God ) Pray for us like when God said to:! Sin nor was she an heir to it, not of one wishing for offering! An important theological concept of Mariology. ] F. M. Cap grace. with the Lutheran theologian Leyser! Are full of grace '' mean, therefore, `` Hail full of grace '' mean,,! Which almighty God permitted him to manifest in astonishing ways, his efforts proved successful his Marian scholarship is divine! Given the work to convert the Jews to Christianity Brindisi was initially called Giulio Cesare Russo the following a. 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