Tropical Cyclone Kyarr as seen on October 27, 2019, by NASA’s Aqua satellite. The rise in SST also explains how the monsoon behaviour in the country has noticeably changed, with extreme rainfall resulting in landslides and flooding in several places. Most of them are found in the Bay of Bengal. Experts said IMD’s data reaffirms repeated warnings of increased frequency of cyclones in the Arabian Sea in coming years by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Both cyclones Vayu and Hikka (which formed during the monsoon) and now Kyarr have formed in the Arabian Sea, which is usually known to be less favourable for the formation for cyclones than the Bay of Bengal. While it has reduced the amount allocated to the climate change action plan by, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Kerala and Assam along with the Union Territory of Puducherry will face state elections in April-May this year. Twitter is moving to ease the restrictions against the users. A cyclonic storm named GATI is also hurtling towards the Indian coast from the Arabian Sea side, the IMD forecast said. A rare tropical cyclone barreling across the Arabian Sea has reached the intensity of a Category 4 hurricane, becoming the strongest storm recorded in the area for 12 years. New Delhi: The Arabian Sea saw the formation of four cyclones in 2019, a phenomenon recorded after 117 years, according to meteorologists. “The frequency of cyclones has been abnormally high this year for the Arabian Sea while it has been subdued for the Bay of Bengal. At the time, Kyarr was the second strongest tropical cyclone ever observed in … Normally, the sea on India’s west undergoes only one cyclone. An offshore oil rig collapsed, killing 20 Royal Dutch Shell employees. The excess heat energy in the Western Pacific Ocean was transferred to the South Indian Ocean via the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF), a low altitude, oceanic pathway for warm, fresh water to move between the two ocean basins. 2019 recorded one of the most active cyclone seasons in the North Indian Ocean. This is the maximum number of cyclonic disturbances observed in the Arabian Sea, according to IMD. The latest weather system over the southwest Arabian Sea intensified from a deep depression to tropical Cyclone Pawan, which was declared by IMD on Thursday morning. Get free access to newsletters, alerts and recommendations. "The first condition for a cyclone to form is rise in temperature. The most recent Cyclone Kyarr, was the first super cyclone with windspeed of 250 kmph to form in the Arabian Sea after a gap of 12 years. A huge change occurred in the year 1976, when scientists across the world confirmed a sharp rise in temperature in the Pacific Ocean's equatorial region. "East Asian countries, particularly China, and its carbon emissions is said to have contributed to the heating up of the Western Pacific Ocean, since oceans absorb nearly 40% of the CO2 emitted by human activity," says Venu. Magisterial probe ordered into PNG pipeline blast in Uttarakhand’s Haridwar, Rashtrapati Bhavan to reopen for public from February 6, Farm laws: Agriculture minister has a suggestion for oppn, delivers a warning, 39 BJP workers arrested for attacking TRS MLA's house in Telangana’s Warrangal, Tamil Nadu: Sasikala to file curative petition for AIADMK’s name and symbol, ‘Thank you’: PM Netanyahu phones PM Modi on security of Israeli diplomats, Covid-19 casualties in Jammu and Kashmir fall 71% in January, ‘Uttarakhand me bhi Kejriwal’: AAP’s massive membership drive for 2022 polls, Tamil Nadu CM announces financial relief to farmers affected by crop loss, Nirmala Sitharaman’s budget speech underlines govt’s focus on poll-bound states, Budget will make India healthy and safe, says Uttarakhand CM, News updates from HT: FM announces seven more measures for agri sector, Govt cracks down on Twitter accounts talking about ‘farmer genocide’. CURRENT TROPICAL CYCLONES Tropical Cyclone 07S (Chalane)…is located approximately 205 NM northwest of Europa Island South Indian Ocean Here’s what the computer models are showing Sustained 60 knot winds…with gusts to 75 knots (as of Warning Number 11) According to the JTWC, satellite imagery shows the central convection has weakened, and has also become […] Reasons for multiple cyclones in the Arabian Sea. "The two seas are going through different climatic phases. It will be open on Saturdays and Sundays (except on government holidays), the statement said. Venu states that is is this transfer of excess heat energy via the ITF, among other factors, that has led to a noticeable increase in the Indian Ocean's sea surface temperatue or SST over the decades. Both the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea experience cyclonic events, thanks to their proximity to the Indian Ocean, where cyclones are a common phenomenon. India Meteorological Department (IMD) Director General Mrutunjay Mohapatra said since 1990 four cyclones have formed every year in the seas along the eastern and western coasts (Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea) of the country. “Rather than living in denial, policymakers in the central government need to take note of these developments and come up with climate-resilient policies for coastal cities as the situation is expected to be worse in coming years,” said Anjal Prakash, coordinating lead author of a special report by IPCC in October. Kyarr, which is a category 4 hurricane was only preceded by Super Cyclone Gonu in 2007, which ravaged the coast of Oman. The EC on November 23, 2017, allotted the chief minister Edappadi Palaniswami-led government with the symbol after freezing it briefly when the two factions vied for it following Jayalalithaa’s death in December 2016, Israel Prime Minister Netanyahu phones PM Modi, thanks him for keeping its diplomats safe. Warming of Arabian Sea, cooling of Bay of Bengal. The ITF is the only open pathway between the Western Pacific and the south eastern tropical Indian Ocean and flows through the Indonesian Archipelago. It is also a rare event to witness cyclones in December,” IMD’s director-general Mrutyunjay Mohapatra said. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. But heavy rains and winds disrupt the coasts and the fishing community are directly affected by this. The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) plans to hold 6,500 public meetings in the next 45 days with a target to add one lakh new party members in Uttarakhand. IMD’s cyclone data between 2015 and 2020 shows that the frequency of cyclone development in the Arabian Sea is increasing. Simply put, the excess heat has led to excess evaporation and water vapour in the atmosphere, leading to extreme rainfall patterns, Venu explains. 4 of 5 cyclones this year were in severe cyclonic storms category and above. Know all about the latest news and other news updates from Hindustan Times. On an average three cyclones intensify into the category of ‘ Severe Cyclone ’ (as cyclone Nisarga) and 1 … Copyright © HT Digital Streams Ltd. All rights reserved. Though cyclones are common in the June, very few of them originate in the Arabian Sea. Of the five cyclones, four form over the Bay of Bengal and one over the Arabian Sea. Kyarr, which … This is why we are seeing increased cyclonic activity in the Arabian Sea as the SST has risen over the years," he says. These accounts are accessible outside India; legal teams are working to find feasible solutions, a person familiar with the matter said. BJP workers had attacked the residence of TRS MLA Challa Dharma Reddy after he alleged that BJP leaders were collecting huge funds in the name of construction of Ram Mandir at Ayodhya without showing any accounts and were swindling the money. It began with Cyclone Vayu in June which was classified as a 'very severe cyclonic storm' by the IMD with wind speeds of 150 kmph. The Hindu reported on Friday that IMD’s weather models weren’t expecting a cyclone. December 1957 – A cyclone developed over the Arabian Sea near the Gulf of Oman on December 27. Officials of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) as well as climate experts are expecting more tropical cyclonic activity from the North Indian Ocean until December. [2] [3] [4] However, storms typically do not reach a high intensity in the Arabian Sea due to dry air coming from the desert of the Arabian Peninsula and unfavorable wind shear from the monsoon. The occurrence of cyclones is more frequent and common in the Bay of Bengal compared to the Arabian Sea. The hot air goes up and a low pressure forms. Here are today’s top news, analysis and opinion. This year, very severe cyclonic storm Vayu was witnessed from June 10-17, very severe cyclonic storm Hikka from September 22-25, super cyclonic storm Kyarr between October 24 and November 2, extremely severe cyclonic storm Maha from October 30 to November 7, and presently Cyclone Pawan. Over the last few months, scientists have been observing unusual activity in the Arabian Sea. This explains not just the frequent and sudden cyclonic storms in the Arabian Sea, but also the changed behaviour of the monsoons. Arabian Sea cyclones. Normally, the Arabian Sea witnesses only one cyclone every year. November 23, 2020. "These cyclones rarely make landfall in Kerala or Karnataka coasts. Cyclones are rare in the Arabian Sea, but the basin can produce strong tropical cyclones. From the Southern Indian Ocean, the warm water moves further to the Northern Indian Ocean via the western boundary currents or Monsoon drifts found near the Arabian Sea, explains Venu. “(This) equals the previous record of 1902 for the highest frequency of cyclones over the Arabian Sea,” said the India Meteorological Department (IMD) in its Statement on Climate of India During 2019 . "This is for sure a rare occurrence. Also Read | Are cyclones becoming more severe? The Arabian Sea has recorded five cyclones this year equalling a 117-year-old record, data from the India Meteorological Department (IMD) shows. The Arabian Sea saw the formation of four cyclones in 2019, a phenomenon recorded after 117 years, according to meteorologists. We have been making our own projections using American and European climatic models and are expecting more cyclonic storms until December. Cyclone Kyarr was only the second super cyclone to be formed after Cyclone Gonu in 2007. Extremely severe cyclonic storm Maha, developed over the Arabian Sea, even as Kyarr prevailed and is expected to make landfall in Gujarat on Thursday. 15.8°N and Long. Other meteorologists pointed out that 2019 has been a hall of fame year as far as weather dynamics are concerned with records been broken along several areas for the west coast of India. However, Arabian Sea surface temperatures during November-December are generally conducive for cyclones, and increasing temperatures need not necessarily trigger cyclones,” Roxy Mathew Koll of Pune-based Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) and lead author of a 2015 study of Indian Ocean warming, told indiaclimatedialogue.net. Fahadh maintains that the State Disaster Management Authority are expecting more cyclonic storms to form in the Arabian Sea until December. Last year, cyclone Vayu that formed in the Arabian sea stalled the monsoon after it entered Kerala on June 8. Not only is there growing formation of cyclones in the Arabian Sea, these storms have also been increasingly severe in intensity. Moving westward, the storm lashed Bahrain with winds of 180 km/h (110 mph). Satellite image of extremely sever cyclone Maha by the IMD. So how did this affect the Indian sub-continent? This was followed by Cyclone Hikaa in September, which again termed a 'very severe cyclonic storm' and moved in north-west to make landfall in Oman. NEW DELHI: The depression in the Arabian Sea is likely to intensify into a severe cyclone and cross the north Maharashtra and south Gujarat coasts on June 3, and will have an impact on Mumbai, the India Meteorological Department said on Monday. During pre-monsoon, there have been two cyclonic disturbances in the Arabian Sea against the normal of one per year while one in the Bay of Bengal only. November 23, 2020. This year, the sea that touches the Indian subcontinent, West Asia and West Africa, has seen formation of Vayu, Hikka, Kyarr and Maha cyclones. Cyclonic storm on either side of coast in the Indian seas, Chennai and Puducherry on high alert. The Bay of Bengal is usually susceptible to pre and post monsoon cyclonic storms. Prima facie the incident occurred due to digging work being done in a nearby plot which had led to the pipeline being damaged. The cyclone pattern and occurrence has shown a change and the climatological data from the last few years suggest that the Arabian Sea (west coast) also started receiving tropical cyclones of high intensity in a small time interval. But if you notice, no cyclones have been created in the Bay of Bengal, barring Bulbul - in the months of October and November - while the Arabian Sea has turned into a cyclonic hotspot and has churned out several cyclones," he adds. This is usually known as the Fujiwhara effect - named after the Japanese Meteorologist Sakuhei Fujiwhara - when two nearby cyclone vortices orbit each other," Fahad adds. This suggests the importance of atmospheric conditions as well as triggering weather events,” Deoras said. Anything above 27 degree centigrade is ideal for the formation of depressions which turn into cyclonic systems above the ocean. Cyclones in Arabian Sea: From Cyclone Maha to Fani, a look at severe cyclonic storms over northern Indian Ocean In a bulletin released late on Wednesday night, the weather department said cyclone 'Maha' had moved east-northeastwards with a speed of 21 kmph and lay centred over east-central and adjoining northeast the Arabian Sea, about 250 km southwest of Porbandar in Gujarat and … Four cyclones formed off the coast of India in the Arabian Sea – Vayu, Hikaa, Kyarr and Maha. 61.8°E, about 1120 km … The Arabian Sea has recorded five cyclones this year equalling a 117-year-old record, data from the India Meteorological Department (IMD) shows. The last time five tropical cyclones were witnessed in a year was in 1902. Five of the eight cyclones — 60 per cent of the total — that affected India in 2019 were on the Arabian Sea. “The sea-surface temperature has increased in the Arabian Sea compared to the baseline of 1981-2010, but the low-pressure activity in the region continues to be erratic. Goa Cyclone Kyarr: Fishermen have been advised not to venture into the sea. Last such activity of post-monsoon event was witnessed in 1982 and 2011 with four cyclonic disturbances. Category 4 Kyarr is the strongest cyclone over the Arabian Sea in 12 years It has also helped make 2019 the most active North Indian cyclone season on … The oceanic basin to the west of the Indian sub-continent which usually sees low-intensity cyclonic activity has suddenly turned into a hotspot of sorts, churning out severe cyclonic storms one after the other. The Canadian Met Centre saw the system developing into a cyclone midway in the Arabian Sea, but beginning to weaken as it prepares to drift into the Oman coast (above). While three Arabian Sea cyclones - Vayu, Hikaa and Kyarr - did not make landfall in India, the western coast from Kerala to Gujarat witnessed heavy rains and strong winds, affecting normal life. Interestingly, while the Arabian Sea warms up, the northern part of Bay of Bengal is witnessing a cooling phenomenon due to fresh water discharge from the melting Himalayan glaciers and other factors, according to Venu. As Cyclone Nisarga forms in Arabian Sea, India Meteorological Department issues red alert for coastal Maharashtra and Gujarat According to a report in Moneycontrol, the IMD has also issued an orange code warning for Kerala, coastal Karnataka, Goa and coastal Maharashtra for today. The Amphan cyclone was among the fiercest storms ever seen in India. NASA satellite image of very severe cyclonic storm Vayu over the Arabian Sea. This year, the sea that touches the Indian subcontinent, West Asia and West Africa, has seen formation of Vayu, Hikka, Kyarr and Maha cyclones. 2 more storms brew in Arabian Sea in most intense cyclone season ever 2 min read. As compared, the Bay of Bengal has witnessed only three cyclones—Pabuk, Fani and Bulbul—against the normal of four per year. The genesis of such weather systems depends on the factors like sea surface temperature, wind pattern and triggering weather events, meteorologist and PhD researcher at the UK’s University of Reading, Akshay Deoras, said. To understand the frequent and severe tropical cyclones in the Arabian Sea today, one must go back 60-70 years in time and study the climate changes then, says Venu G Nair, a meteorologist at the Centre for Earth Research and Environment Management. Those who play politics on every matter meet the same fate as that of opposing parties presently,” Tomar said, according to news agency ANI. New Delhi, June 2 (IANS) A week after a raging cyclone wreaked havoc in West Bengal, ... Due to its influence, the east central Arabian Sea and south east Arabian Sea is currently rough. “From above-normal rain to record the number of cyclones during onset and withdrawal of monsoon season, powerful super cyclones, twin cyclones in the Arabian Sea, and even rain during November and December, this has been a unique year,” Sridhar Balasubramanian, associate professor with IIT-Bombay’s department of mechanical engineering, said. However, it's not the formation of a super cyclone in the Arabian Sea that has triggered interest, but the simultaneous development of two big cyclones in the region. The year was identified as a 'climatic shift' by experts. "I appeal to the political parties to not engage in politics every time. The year 2019 has already seen four cyclones ranging from 'very severe cyclonic storm to super cyclone' developing in the Arabian Sea - a rather unusual phenomenon in the region which could be linked to global warming. Tropical cyclone 'Maha' intensified into a category 2 cyclone over the centre of Arabian Sea with a wind speed of 170 kmph, the National Center of Meteorology (NCM) said on Monday. But it is crucial  to understand the growing cyclone activity in the region. It caused widespread damage in Kolkata even after it weakened considerably as it moved over land from the coast towards the city. The Sea Surface Temperature or SST of the Pacific Ocean rose suddenly and affected the atmospheric dynamics and wind patterns across the planet, says Venu. Twin Cyclones in the Indian seas, cyclone Gati in the Arabian Sea and cyclone Nivar in the Bay of Bengal. However, when the … The most recent Cyclone Kyarr, was the first super cyclone with windspeed of 250 kmph to form in the Arabian Sea after a gap of 12 years. May 24, 1959 – The eye of a storm passed over southwestern Oman near Raysut. It is for the first time since June that the monthly death count has gone below one hundred in Jammu and Kashmir. This oceanic pathway has immense influence over the region's climate patterns. By hindustantimes.com | Edited by Shivani. "Studies measuring the SST rise in the Indian Ocean shows that the water has warmed up to a depth of 2000 mts or 2 kms, from 200 mts recorded earlier," he says. The two storms that have formed in the Arabian Sea are expected to move away from the Indian coast. NASA satellite image of Super Cyclone Kyarr in the indian Ocean. It is a well known climatological fact that during pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons in the North Indian Ocean, more cyclones form in the Bay of Bengal compared with the Arabian Sea. TNM spoke to two experts who believe that among other factors, the ongoing climate emergency, could be the reason for this abnormal activity in the Arabian Sea. Support our journalism by becoming a TNM Member - Click here. According to one study, done on ITF state, "The volume, heat and freshwater carried by the ITF are known to impact the state of the Pacific and Indian Oceans and modulate regional climate variability through altering the regional air-sea exchange and precipitation patterns.". Private forecaster Skymet Weather Services predictd there might be two more cyclonic storms in the Indian Ocean region in the next 10 days. The post-monsoon cyclone season has been more active over the Arabian Sea with the formation of five cyclonic disturbances against the normal of one per year while it has been subdued over the Bay of Bengal with one cyclonic disturbance against the normal of 3.5 per year. Fahadh Marzook, a hazard analyst and climate expert at the Kerala State Disaster Management Authority (KSDMA) also confirms that increase in sea surface temperature has triggered more cyclones in the Arabian Sea. For the first time since 1965, two cyclonic storms have prevailed simultaneously — Cyclone Kyarr and Cyclone Maha — over the Arabian Sea. The … The Arabian Sea generally sees the formation of one cyclone in a year, which, normally, follows a westwards track towards the gulf region. While Vayu, Hikaa and Kyarr did not make landfall in India, the western coast from Kerala to Gujarat witnessed heavy rains and strong winds, affecting normal life in several areas. Normally, the Arabian Sea only has one cyclone every year, but 2019 saw five cyclones develop throughout the year –– which was a 117-year record. Cyclone Pawan developed as a well-marked low-pressure area on December 2. Show us some love! [Hindi] भारत के दोनों तरफ समुद्री तूफान, एक सोमालिया में तो दूसरा तमिलनाडु पर करेगा लैंडफॉल. Severe Tropical Cyclone (Nilofar) in Arabian Sea has intensified into a Very Severe Tropical Cyclone and is now located at Lat. The Arabian Sea witnesses a normal of one cyclone per year. For this, we have set up warning systems and contingency measures to ensure that the fisherfolk don't venture into the sea and are shifted from the coasts to safe shelters," he added. Two big cyclonic systems forming at the same time could also influence each other's wind systems and lead to pushing and pulling. A minor blast occurred at the site though no damage to life and nearby buildings was reported. Trivendra Singh Rawat said the budget will also develop the medical industry including pharmaceutical and medical equipment manufacturing companies in the country. Cyclone Gonu was the strongest recorded tropical cyclone in the basin. 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