Scripture: Hebrews 1:1â4. KIMCHI says that the ninety-third through the hundred first Psalms contain in them the mystery of Messiah. Angels are sent forth on ministrations to God and Christ, not primarily to men, though for the good of "those who are about to inherit salvation" (so the Greek): the elect, who believe, or shall believe, for whom all things, angels included, work together for good ( Romans 8:28 ). He Made Purification of Sins Maundy Thursday. All Rights Reserved. Scripture: Hebrews 1:1â4. Chapter 10. The Greek implies, He not only appointed His Son heir of all things before creation, but He also (better than "also He") made by Him the worlds. His right, as Mediator, was by commission from the Father. Hereafter, Lane, Hebrews; F. F. Bruce, The Epistle to the 6 As far as the rest of the introductory issues they are impossible to be determined with any certainty at this point. A mortal king speaks by his ambassador, not (as the King of kings) in his ambassador. 6 William L. Lane, Word Biblical Commentary Vol. There have many attempts to deduce the author of this book, yet nothing definitive. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. (Hebrews 1:1) Like the Fourth Gospel and the Book of Genesis, this epistle begins with God. "Commissions them to assume the agency or form of flames for His purposes" [ALFORD]. THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. God, having of old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers manners. . Hebrews 1:13â14. But veiled in the flesh. (1-2a) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the prophets of old. Introduction to Hebrews. therefore--because God loves righteousness and hates iniquity. Background of the Book. as . THE BOOK OF HEBREWS (Hebrews 1:1-2:18) CHRIST IS BETTER THAN ANGELS; CHRIST IS PREFERRED ABOVE ANGELS; BOTH IN PERSON AND IN OFFICE. The Hebrews believe that the law from God came by *angels. © 2021 Christianity.com. "I will be his father and he shall be my son." They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship. This is the only New Testament book which we donât know the author of. Hebrews 1:3 Parallel Verses [â See commentary â] Hebrews 1:3, NIV: "The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word.After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven." Let the thoughts of this make us watchful, diligent, and desirous of that better world. in the beginning--English Version, Psalms 102:25 , "of old": Hebrew, "before," "aforetime." The ardor of Spirit in this Epistle, as in First John, bursting forth at once into the subject (without prefatory inscription of name and greeting), the more effectively strikes the hearers. Hebrews 12 Resources. John Piper Apr 4, 1996 42 Shares Sermon. The angels minister to them in opposing the malice and power of evil spirits, in protecting and keeping their bodies, instructing and comforting their souls, under Christ and the Holy Ghost. Scripture Hebrews 1 Sort Bible Verse. In this, Jesus is superior to the *angels. the fathers--the Jewish fathers. Thus He is antitype to Solomon, "chosen of all David's many sons to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel," even as His father David was chosen before all the house of his father's sons. Here is the office of the angels; they are God's ministers or servants, to do his pleasure. 3 He reflects the glory of God and bears the very stamp of his nature, upholding the universe by his word of power. The oldest manuscripts prefix "and" (compare Esther 4:11 ). It is because He is the brightness, &c., and because He upholds, &c., that He sat down on the right hand, &c. It was a return to His divine glory ( John 6:62 , 17:5 ; compare Wisdom 7:25,26, where similar things are said of wisdom). Thus he answers the Jewish objection drawn from their prophets. For when has one seen light without effulgence?" However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian church and revert to Jewish worship. 9. 10. Hebrews 1 Resources. Paul, Barnabas, Silas, Peter, Apollos, and others have been proposed. spake--the expression usual for a Jew to employ in addressing Jews. We see in this Scripture above that God the Father called Jesus, God. when Thou hast ransomed and opened heaven to Thy people. 7. of--The Greek is rather, "In reference TO the angels." the world--subject to Christ ( Hebrews 2:5 ). Hebrews 1. unto which--A frequent argument in this Epistle is derived from the silence of Scripture ( Hebrews 1:13 , Hebrews 2:16 , Hebrews 7:3 Hebrews 7:14 ) [BENGEL]. (Compare Numbers 12:6-8 ). In Christ, the revelation of God is full, not in shifting hues of separated color, but Himself the pure light, uniting in His one person the whole spectrum ( Hebrews 1:3 ). Chapter 5. The letter is primarily written to Jewish believers, who placed great importance on the prophets of the Old Testament. laid the foundation of--"firmly founded" is included in the idea of the Greek. Sin has made a great change in the world for the worse, and Christ will make a great change in it for the better. They could not show us God as Jesus has done. )," is plainly wrong. Hebrews 4:1 Commentaries: Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. heavens--plural: not merely one, but manifold, and including various orders of heavenly intelligences ( Ephesians 4:10 ). ALFORD refers "this day" to the eternal generation of the Son: the day in which the Son was begotten by the Father is an everlasting to-day: there never was a yesterday or past time to Him, nor a to-morrow or future time: "Nothing there is to come, and nothing past, but an eternal NOW doth ever last" ( Proverbs 30:4 , John 10:30 John 10:38 , 16:28 , 17:8 ). They have never become sons of God. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. CHAPTER 1. Quotation from Psalms 110:1 . 2. in these last days--In the oldest manuscripts the Greek is. better--by His exaltation by the Father ( Hebrews 1:3 Hebrews 1:13 ):in contrast to His being "made lower than the angels" ( Hebrews 2:9 ). The image is drawn from the custom of anointing guests at feasts ( Psalms 23:5 ); or rather of anointing kings: not until His ascension did He assume the kingdom as Son of man. 1 In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets; 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by [his] Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. He rules; they serve. But they shall be made his footstool, by humble submission, or by utter destruction. Chapter 11. Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on Christ's being the Creator of all things, and therefore of angels themselves, but as being the risen and exalted Messiah in human nature, to whom angels, authorities, and powers are made subject. the antitype to Solomon, son of David. . Commentary Part I, Chapters 1-9 HEBREWS IVP New Testament Commentary Series. "The fulness of the glory of the peculiar name "the Son of God," is unattainable by human speech or thought. Some oldest manuscripts read, "lawlessness." The Septuagint, "in the beginning" (as in Genesis 1:1 ) answers by contrast to the end implied in "They shall perish," &c. The Greek order here (not in the Septuagint) is, "Thou in the beginning, O Lord," which throws the "Lord" into emphasis. Hebrews 1:1. As the first begotten, He is heir of the universe ( Hebrews 1:6 ), which He made instrumentally, Hebrews 11:3 , where "by the Word of God" answers to "by whom"' (the Son of God) here ( John 1:3 ). The fullest realization of His Lordship shall be at His second coming ( Psalms 97:7 , 1 Corinthians 15:24 1 Corinthians 15:25 , Philippians 2:9 ). fold them up--So the Septuagint, Psalms 102:26 ; but the Hebrew, "change them." 6. Apr 4, 1996. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. A fuller accomplishment is yet to be, when He shall be VISIBLY the anointed King over the whole earth (set by the Father) on His holy hill of Zion, Psalms 2:6 Psalms 2:8 . . Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4 [5-12] View Bible Text . They "all," how ever various their ranks, "minister"; He is ministered to. And--In another passage ( Psalms 102:25-27 ) He says. English Version, "maketh His angels spirits," means, He maketh them of a subtle, incorporeal nature, swift as the wind. shall not fail--Hebrew, "shall not end." THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. "Perish" does not mean annihilation; just as it did not mean so in the case of "the world that being overflowed with water, perished" under Noah ( 2 Peter 3:6 ). This is an important point for several â¦ The Epistle to the Hebrews is one of the most beautiful ones of the NT. In Deuteronomy 32:43 , the Septuagint has, "Let all the angels of God worship Him," words not now found in the Hebrew. "At the last part of these days." General . "The sun is never seen without effulgence, nor the Father without the Son" [THEOPHYLACT]. This passage of the Septuagint may have been in Paul's mind as to the form, but the substance is taken from Psalms 97:7 . Only as Man he has his fellows, and as anointed with the Holy Spirit; but he is above all prophets, priests, and kings, that ever were employed in the service of God on earth. Volume 1 covers Hebrews chapters 1-8. [â See verse text â] Hebrews begins with a reference to God's communication with mankind. Chapter 6. Verses 1 and 2 explain that God spoke through prophets in the past, and speaks now through Jesus Christ. "Light of (from) light" [Nicene Creed]. On comparing what God there says of the angels, with what he says to Christ, the inferiority of the angels to Christ plainly appears. As a sovereign, when his garments of state are folded and put away, is a sovereign still, so our Lord, when he has laid aside the earth and heavens like a vesture, shall be still the same. Christ has a fourfold right to the title "Son of God"; (1) By generation, as begotten of God; (2) By commission, as sent by God; (3) By resurrection, as "the first-begotten of the dead" (compare Luke 20:36 , Romans 1:4 , Revelation 1:5 ); (4) By actual possession, as heir of all [BISHOP PEARSON]. 8. He spoke many times and in many different ways. Being made . But as the whole theocracy was of Messianic import, the triumph of David over Hadadezer and neighboring kings ( 2 Samuel 8:1-18 , Psalms 2:2 Psalms 2:3 Psalms 2:9-12 ) is a type of God's ultimately subduing all enemies under His Son. The second lesson for today reminds us, however â as does the Gospel text â that the nativity is set within a larger story of mind-boggling scope. Hebrews 1 - God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, All was not revealed to each one prophet; but one received one portion of revelation, and another another. 1 In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom also he made the universe. One is hard-pressed to find a verse-by-verse commentary on the Book of Hebrews from a Torah perspective. So David, His type, was first anointed at Bethlehem ( 1 Samuel 16:13 , Psalms 89:20 ); and yet again at Hebron, first over Judah ( 2 Samuel 2:4 ), then over all Israel ( 2 Samuel 5:3 ); not till the death of Saul did he enter on his actual kingdom; as it was not till after Christ's death that the Father set Him at His right hand far above all principalities ( Ephesians 1:20 Ephesians 1:21 ). In the beginning, God made the whole world and everything that there is. Now the excellency of the gospel revelation above the former consists in two things:â1. the wings of the wind." 1. at sundry times--Greek, "in many portions." The Saviour has done much to make all men his friends, yet he has enemies. In the Psalms 104:3 Psalms 104:4 , the subject in each clause comes first, and the attribute predicated of it second; so the Greek article here marks "angels" and "ministers" as the subjects, and "winds" and "flame of fire," predicates, Schemoth Rabba says, "God is called God of Zebaoth (the heavenly hosts), because He does what He pleases with His angels. The glory of His person and nature, gave to his sufferings such merit as was a full satisfaction to the honour of God, who suffered an infinite injury and affront by the sins of men. The saints, at present, are heirs, not yet come into possession. Hebrews 1:1-14 . Christ was "appointed" (in God's eternal counsel) to creation as an office; and the universe so created was assigned to Him as a kingdom. Watch our overview video on the book of Hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. 5 Ibid. by--Greek, "in." (1-3) And in his superiority to all the holy angels. 12:6, 8; Joel 2:28 in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; 3 # John 1:14 who being the brightness of His glory and the express # 2 Cor. The gospel revelation is excellent above the former; in that it is a revelation which God has made by his Son. "In one way He was seen by Abraham, in another by Moses, in another by Elias, and in another by Micah; Isaiah, Daniel, and Ezekiel, beheld different forms" [THEODORET]. As "spirits" implies the wind-like velocity and subtle nature of the cherubim, so "flame of fire" expresses the burning devotion and intense all-consuming zeal of the adoring seraphim (meaning "burning), Isaiah 6:1 . The days of Messiah were the transition period or "last part of these days" (in contrast to "in times past"), the close of the existing dispensation, and beginning of the final dispensation of which Christ's second coming shall be the crowning consummation. Outline: I. Christ is Godâs revelation to the world (1-4) II. a sceptre of righteousness--literally, "a rod of rectitude," or "straightforwardness." (4-14). Verse 1. Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4. 3. Who being--by pre-existent and essential being. Hebrews 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, produced by John Wesley between 1754 and 1765, has stood the test of time. Lesson 1: God Has Spoken (Hebrews 1:1-2a) Lesson 2: The Supremacy of the Son (Hebrews 1:2b-3) Lesson 3: The Sonâs Supremacy over Angels (Hebrews 1:4-14) Lesson 4: The Danger of Drifting Spiritually (Hebrews 2:1-4) Lesson 5: Our Glorious Destiny in Christ (Hebrews 2:5-9) Lesson 6: Why Jesusâ Death Was Fitting (Hebrews 2:10) Lesson 7: Jesus Our Brother and Savior (Hebrews â¦ The anointing here meant is not that at His baptism, when He solemnly entered on His ministry for us; but that with the "oil of gladness," or "exulting joy" (which denotes a triumph, and follows as the consequence of His manifested love of righteousness and hatred of iniquity), wherewith, after His triumphant completion of His work, He has been anointed by the Father above His fellows (not only above us, His fellow men, the adopted members of God's family. Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. Mar 31, 1996. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. But the context refers to a definite point of time, namely, that of His having entered on the inheritance ( Hebrews 1:4 ). The surpassing dignity of the Son of God in his Divine person, and in his creating and mediatorial work. So Psalms 18:10 , "a cherub . The opening chapter takes people into the heavenly realm of the angels. Hebrews 1 â A Superior Savior A. Jesus, the superior Savior. So it shall be after the perishing by fire ( 2 Peter 3:12 2 Peter 3:13 ). Christmas is the Festival of the Incarnation. Salem Media Group. Bible Verse; Newest; Oldest; Most Viewed; Most Shared; Sermon. Chapter 13. changed--as one lays aside a garment to put on another. 11. This power â¦ International Bible Lesson Commentary Hebrews 1:1-9 (Hebrews 1:1) In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, The heavens declare the glory of God without words (see Psalm 19). To Noah the quarter of the world to which Messiah should belong was revealed; to Abraham, the nation; to Jacob, the tribe; to David and Isaiah, the family; to Micah, the town of nativity; to Daniel, the exact time; to Malachi, the coming of His forerunner, and His second advent; through Jonah, His burial and resurrection; through Isaiah and Hosea, His resurrection. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Hebrews 1:1-12. The Psalm here quoted applied primarily in a less full sense to Solomon, of whom God promised by Nathan to David. To Do his pleasure works of thine hands -- the inferior and the book Genesis... Hebrews 13:19 ) name than the * angels. sense to Solomon, of whom God by. 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