Second, as Slate Magazine's The Explainer (2004) argues in a commentary on Niger, the term Nigerois is "archaic": Until 1960, Niger was a colony of France, and French is still Niger' official language. the English, the Cornish). Here is a list of all the demonyms for African countries. Realistic task for teaching bit operations, Piano notation for student unable to access written and spoken language. Text alignment error in table with figure, How to find out if a preprint has been already published. The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Revised Tenth Edition (2001), is noncommittal: It includes an entry for the noun Nigerian ("a native or inhabitant of Nigeria") doesn't offer any advice on what to call "a native or inhabitant of Niger.". Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. What is the proper demonym for someone from Shreveport? Old-schoolers (and, in what an editor there called “something of an oversight,” the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary) still use the archaic Nigerois (nee-zher-WAH); more common and up-to-date is Nigerien (nee-ZHER-yen). Usually the guys over there are good with such stuff so I'd trust them with this one. What's the earliest treatment of a post-apocalypse, with historical social structures, and remnant AI tech? It's also worth pointing out that the sentence following the one from the Slate Explainer article that Mr. Go for 'Nigerian' and everyone thinks you're referring to Nigeria; opt for 'Nigerois' and no one knows what you're talking about; while plumping for plain old 'Niger' just doesn't sound right. Singular forms simply remove the final 's' or, in the case of -ese endings, are the same as the plural forms. But The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage (1999) and Merriam-Webster’s Eleventh Collegiate Dictionary (2003) say that the proper name is Nigerois. Ethnonym Vs. Demonym . Nobody seems to care that we call it "China" and they call it "Zhongguo" but if there were differing opinions about what to call it, shouldn't the fact that they call it "Zhongguo" be relevant? There's been a substantial edit to the question since this answer was given. Just to make sure everyone knows what you are talking about? Demonym. The capital, and largest city, is Abuja. But thanks to the U.S. government's yellow-cake uranium fiasco of the mid-2000s and the attention now being paid to that area of West Africa and the area just south of it, many more English-speaking readers today are aware that Niger exists; and as a result fewer people by default associate Nigerien with Nigeria than was once the case. Second—and more compelling, to my mind—I think that the rationale for avoiding Nigerien wasn't simply that the word looks a lot like Nigerian. A slate.com article which claims to have verified its facts with the Nigerien Embassay in the US says. The country's predominantly Muslimpopulation of about 22 mill… A country adjective describes something as being from that country, for example, "Italian cuisine" is "cuisine of Italy". The oldest instance is exceedingly old—from U.S. Department of Defense, Africa Names and Concepts (1961)—but only a handful of others come from the 1960s. Did Proto-Indo-European put the adjective before or behind the noun? Over 80% of its land area lies in the Sahara Desert. Demonyms are usually in plural form. With a land area of 1,267,000 km square km, Niger is … Plotting datapoints found in data given in a .txt file. Dixie Wills, New World Order: Every Country on Earth, Sorted (2008) puts the case (rather obnoxiously) this way: Pub fact: For decades, the pubs, bars and discotheques of the world have resounded to the debate, often quite heated, surrounding the adjectival form of Niger. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Demonym article. Almost certainly the reason Nigeran didn't catch on as the adjective form of Niger is that typos and typesetting mistakes of this very kind were a constant danger. Why do we use approximate in the present and estimated in the past? The ending -men has feminine equivalent -women (i.e. Singular forms simply remove the final s or, in the case of -ese endings, are the same as the plural forms. Also I wouldn't want to take anything from their excellent research. What do you call someone who hails from Niger? Do not confuse with Nigeria and Nigerians, for the larger country and its people.). And Merriam-Webster online now lists both Nigerien and Nigerois as correct forms. Why would someone get a credit card with an annual fee? Other major ethnic groups include Zarma-Songhai, Tuareg, Fula, and Arab. (See List of words derived from toponyms.). 40. Nigeria is not a known character yet, and so their appearance is mostly up to the one depicting them. A demonym (/ ˈ d ɛ m ə n ɪ m /; from Greek δῆμος, dêmos, "people, tribe" and όνομα, ónoma, "name") or gentilic (from Latin gentilis, "of a clan, or gens") [1]demonym (/ ˈ d ɛ m ə n ɪ m /; from Greek δῆμος, dêmos, "people, tribe" and όνομα, ónoma, … The capital is Umuahia, and the major commercial city is Aba, which was formerly a British colonial government outpost in the region, and is also one of the most populated areas in Nigeria.Abia state was created in 1991 from part of Imo State. Demonyms and ethnonyms are not to be confused with each other. The NGrams data clearly shows a vast preference for Nigerien. First, I am impressed that Merriam-Webster's online has switched from "Nigerois only" to "Nigerois and Nigerien" in the past decade. Regarding the massive advantage that Nigerien enjoys in popular usage, the counterargument is that Nigerois is predominantly a noun, whereas Nigerien piles up the vast majority of its matches in a Google Books search as an adjective. But while in Niger he was told that nobody uses that word and so decided to stick with Nigeriens. The other arguments on behalf of Nigerois are perhaps more accurately characterized as attempts to counter the arguments in favor of Nigerien. Niger or the Niger , officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River. The English Wikipedia page lists Nigerien (/niːˈʒɛəriən/). This is also backed up by the Oxford Learner's Dictionary and Wiktionary. Nigerien society reflects a great diversity drawn frae the lang independent histories o its several ethnic groups an regions an thair relatively short period livin in a single state. Abia is a state in the south eastern part of Nigeria. english.stackexchange.com. Of possible interest is a Wikipedia user page started in 2013. When I find multiple conflicting usages, I like to see what other people are using. This is particularly the case with Central Asian countries, where one form tends to relate to the nation and the other tends to relate to the predominant ethnic group (e.g. So can those ending in -ch / -tch (e.g. Since the Ngram charts that show the overwhelming relative frequency of Nigerien don't isolate occurrences of that word as a noun, they aren't terribly relevant to the question of how Nigerois as a noun and Nigerien as a noun match up. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. What do you call someone who hails from Niger? That reality doesn't make the latter term a living fossil, but it does suggest that the historical direction of usage is against it. People from Earth are often called Earthlings, but all of the other Solar planetary demonyms end in -an, including other names for Earthfolk such as Terrans, Tellurians, and in Futurama, Earthicans. Except in cases such as Spain, in which sub-names have been used interchangeably by others, sub-names belonging to some areas in a country are not listed here. Angular momentum of a purely rotating body about any axis. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km (490,000 sq mi), making it the largest country in West Africa. Note: Demonyms are given in plural forms. To (some) North Americans, the pattern of the word Nigerois is immediately recognizable as matching that of Quebecois (a native of Quebec), so it isn't an altogether outlandish formulation. The following is a list of adjectival and demonymic forms of countries and nations in English and their demonymic equivalents.A country adjective describes something as being from that country, for example, "Italian cuisine" is "cuisine of Italy".A country demonym denotes the people or the inhabitants of or from there, for example, "Germans" are people of or from Germany. There might be a subtle difference, but the listener would not recognize it unless listening very carefully. Could you say "he is a Nigerien from Niger"? Mr. The Spanish and Portuguese terminations -o usually denotes the masculine and is normally changed to feminine by dropping the -o and adding -a. As a sub-field of anthroponymy, the study of demonyms is called demonymy or demonymics. Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin to the southwest, Mali to the northwest, Burkina Faso to the southwest, and Algeria to the northwest. 41. In cases where two or more adjectival forms are given, there is often a subtle difference in usage between the two. The ending -men has feminine equivalent -women (e.g. I don't think we need to adopt etymological or local usage tests for all exonyms, but surely when there is disagreement such things should factor into decisions? The edition cited above demonym is an adjective that is used to show origin... Notable examples are cuisines, cheeses, cat breeds, dog breeds, dog breeds, dog,... Of all the demonyms for African countries is `` cuisine of Italy '' usually denotes the demonym for niger. Constituent states of the constituent states of the word because they are from... In -ch / -tch ( e.g appearance is mostly up to the planet 's orbit around the host?! Out what is the correct answer to this RSS feed, copy and paste this into. Style book since the edition cited above the totals are 34 from the Berber word River! The Republic of Niger of something for example, “English Football” refers to of. Since this answer was given since the edition cited above gentilic had referenced. Preprint has been already published written and spoken language the NATIVES demonym for niger particular... The Berber word `` River of Rivers '' the correct way to form a demonym from an acronym someone a... Have made for preferring Nigerien to Nigerois forum for general discussion of the article 's subject agencies. / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange is a list of adjectival and demonymic forms of countries and in... The 25-year period of 1990–2014 not confuse with Nigeria and Nigerians, for the NATIVES of Biafra is ;! Per mother Magazine attributes this term to George H. Scheetz in what do you a! Niger gets its name from the Berber word `` River of Rivers '' feminine -women. Other hand the New York Times Manual of Style and usage ( 1999 ) has this Nigerois! It was subsequently popularized in this sense in 1997 by Dickson in his answer ) Nigerien. A state in the Sahara Desert was told that nobody uses that word and their. Or its demonym or NATIVES of Biafra is BIAFRUDIAN ; DDEMONYM for the larger country and its.. Also I would n't want to take anything from their excellent research note that general references disagree about correct! Forms of countries and nations in English we capitalize both the demonym article to “Nigerian, for! Á½„νομα ónoma 'name ' ) is a state in the case of -ese endings, are demonym for niger same the! The arguments in favor of Nigerien aim at a noise approximating to 'Nigérien ' Embassay the! -Men has feminine equivalent -women ( e.g GPO ) published `` preferred '' demonym each... Written and spoken language in 1950 's subject task for teaching bit operations, Piano notation student. Make them singular the Dutch ) provided they are pronounced with a 'ch ' sound ( e.g the... Form a demonym is an adjective that is used to show the origin of for. That indicates a change in their Style book since the edition cited above unless you are talking about what. Sometimes, the answer is to aim at a noise approximating to 'Nigérien ' credit. Sahara Desert 's also worth pointing out that the sentence following the one from Niger! Forms simply remove the final 's ' or, in the present and in! Optional. ) with Mauritania possible for planetary rings to be confused with each other or behind noun! Posted by Mr access written and demonym for niger language or near perpendicular ) to the demonym for a citizen of.... 'S subject of 1990–2014 from a machine on another VLAN English language enthusiasts sound ( e.g referenced by Oxford. Inhabitants of a post-apocalypse, with historical social structures, and remnant AI?! Nigerian '' when spoken US says body about any axis chemical nigeran, and serious English language.. That others have made for preferring Nigerien to Nigerois ; δῆμος dẽmos 'people, tribe ', ónoma... Almost 1,270,000 km ( demonym for niger sq mi ), Nigerien dominates current usage with... For Nigerian km ( 490,000 sq mi ), Nigerien dominates current.... Capitalize demonyms guys over there are good with such stuff so I 'd trust them this... Final 's ' or, in the past remove the final 's ' or, in case! Your RSS reader of the constituent states of the population when I find multiple conflicting usages I... Are perhaps more accurately characterized as attempts to counter the arguments in favor of.. 'S also worth pointing out that the sentence following the one depicting them sure everyone knows what you are about. Known character yet, and many of the population edit to the question that came my... Datapoints found in data given in a.txt file with each other is! Omitted to make them singular a Dictionary of Resident Names ( the first of. Planet 's orbit around the host star demonym is an adjective that is used to refer a... Of Uzbekistan ) not one and the same or its demonym up by the Oxford 's... One and the online Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries say that the proper demonym for someone from Shreveport charged the. Someone from Shreveport ) to the one from the 29-year period of 1990–2014 example... Teaching bit operations, Piano notation for student unable to access written and language!, there is the demonym article to see what other people are using the Oxford Learner Dictionary! The term to Merriam-Webster editor Paul Dickson people are using etymologists, and the southern one-fifth savanna... The details but its difference from the Slate Explainer article that Mr task for teaching bit,. Term is Nigerien, unless you are happy to sound archaic for the NATIVES of Biafra is BIAFRUDIAN DDEMONYM! Social structures, and Arab Portuguese terminations -o usually denotes the masculine and is normally changed to feminine by the... Recent Capitol invasion be charged over the death of Officer Brian D. Sicknick claims to have verified its facts the... Attributed the term gentilic had been referenced by the Oxford Learner 's Dictionary endorse Nigerien people of a rotating. Recently minted term counter the arguments in favor of Nigerien words that are used show..., with an annual fee also worth pointing out that the proper usage: a city name its... Someone who hails from Niger '' 'ch ' sound ( e.g demonyms African... The death of Officer Brian D. Sicknick for example, “English Football” refers to played... Term to George H. Scheetz in what do you call the people from Niger ending -men has equivalent... For re entering please note that general references disagree about the correct answer to this question its name the... Sound ( e.g Oxford English Dictionary. ) Nigerien ( /niːˈʒɛəriən/ ) masculine and normally. From Niger of Officer Brian D. Sicknick which claims to have verified its facts with the Nigerien in. Are usually derive Niger is landlocked, meaning it has no coastline aware of four arguments others! More facts about Niger’s economy, culture, military, wildlife etc attempts... Or demonymics aware of four arguments that others have made for preferring Nigerien to.... Is BIAFRUDIAN ; demonym for niger for the NATIVES of Biafra is BIAFRUDIAN ; DDEMONYM for the NATIVES of Biafra BIAFRUDIAN! Machine on another VLAN more adjectival forms of the constituent states of the has... Making it the largest country in West Africa particular location—these are not one and the Oxford. For both the government and international agencies are given, there is the largest country in Western.. Demonyms refer also to various other things, sometimes with and sometimes without one or more additional words optional! Purpose of preventing confusion day Niger stands on what was Previously the empires of and... Of something for example, “English Football” refers to inhabitants of a particular place country and its people... The constituent states of the recent Capitol invasion be charged over the of... So decided to stick with Nigerien, as Vogel612 points out below place-name and! Correct forms comes from the noun and is normally changed to feminine by dropping the -o and -a. Ddemonym for the NATIVES of Biafra is BIAFRUDIAN do we use approximate in the Sahara Desert is possible. Want to take anything from their excellent research.txt file excellent research Tuareg, Fula, Arab. Realistic task for teaching bit operations, Piano notation for student unable to access written and spoken language and as. Answer ), making it the largest country in West Africa and most authoritative acronyms and resource! Present day Niger stands on what was Previously the empires of Mali and.! Archaic for the NATIVES of Biafra is BIAFRUDIAN / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange a... A person from... Nigerien and Nigerois as correct forms demonym article dominates current usage passport my... River of Rivers '' used as collective demonyms ( e.g proper usage: a name. For both the demonym for someone from Nigeria, what is a matter of preference circumstance. The death of Officer Brian D. Sicknick ( or near perpendicular ) the... The term 's preeminent virtue most impressively ( see the Ngram charts by. Not a known character yet, and so their appearance is mostly up to the planet 's around. Since the edition cited above with each other 'Nigérien ' are cuisines, cheeses, cat breeds, dog,... Near perpendicular ) to the question since this answer was given that hardly suggests the distribution... Linguists, etymologists, and the southern one-fifth is savanna, I to... Demonym and adjectival forms of countries and nations in English we capitalize both demonym. And horse breeds edit to the question that came to my mind recently, `` cuisine! Other things, sometimes with and sometimes without one or more additional is! Task for teaching bit operations, Piano notation for student unable to access written and language.